Ikegami, Munenobu (2009): Agricultural productivity and mortality: evidence from Kagera, Tanzania.
Download (351Kb) | Preview
We ask whether prime-age adult mortality due to HIV/AIDS decreases the endowment of knowledge for agricultural production in Kagera, Tanzania, reducing total factor productivity. We also quantify how much this negative effect contributes to the decrease in long-term household agricultural income growth compared to the contribution of decreased accumulation of productive assets; household members, land, and livestock. We find that prime-age adult mortality decreases the accumulation of knowledge stock as total factor productivity and the contribution of this negative effect to the decrease in agricultural income growth is larger than the contribution of decreased accumulation of each productive asset.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Agricultural productivity and mortality: evidence from Kagera, Tanzania|
|Keywords:||mortality, human capital, HIV/AIDS, agriculture, total factor productivity, Tanzania|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D9 - Intertemporal Choice and Growth
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q12 - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
|Date Deposited:||07. May 2009 00:22|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 21:59|
Ainsworth, M. and J. Dayton, “The impact of the AIDS pidemic on the health of the elderly in Tanzania,” World Development, 2003, 31 (1), 131–148.
Ainsworth, M., K. Beegle, and G. Koda, “The impact of adult mortality and parental deaths on primary schooling in Northwestern Tanzania,” Journal of Development Studies, April 2005, 41 (3), 412–439.
Beegle, K., “Labor Effects of Adult Mortality in Tanzanian Households,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2005, 53 (3).
Beegle, Kathleen, Joachim de Weerdt, and Stefan Dercon, “Kagera Health and Development Survey 2004 Basic Information Document,” March 2006. mimeo. The World Bank.
Beegle, Kathleen, Joachim de Weerdt, and Stefan Dercon, “Adult Mortality and Consumption Growth in the Age of HIV/AIDS,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2008, 56 (2), 299–326.
Carter, Michael R., Julian May, Jorge Aguero, and Sonya Ravindranath, “The economic impacts of premature adult mortality: panel data evidence from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,” AIDS, 2007, 21.
Chapoto, Antony and T. S. Jayne, “Impact of AIDS-Related Mortality on Farm Household Welfare in Zambia,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, January 2008, 56, 327–374.
de Weerdt, Joachim, “Moving out of Poverty in Tanzania’s Kagera Region,” October 2006. mimeo.
JBIC, “Poverty Profile, United Republic of Tanzania,” August 2006. Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). In Japanese.
Olley, G. Steven and Ariel Pakes, “The Dynamics of Productivity in the Telecommunications Equipment Industry,” Econometrica, November 1996, 64 (6), 1263–1297.
Pakes, Ariel, “Dynamics Structrual Models, Problems and Prospects Part II: Mixed Continuous-Dscrete Control Problems, and Market Interactions,” in C. Sims, ed., Advances in Econometrics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Smith, Charles David, Ecology, civil society and the informal economy in north west Tanzania, Ashgate, 2001.
TACAIDS, “Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey 2003-04,” 2005. lverton, Maryland, USA: Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS), National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), and ORC Macro.
Tanzania NBS, Tanzanian Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2000/01, Tanzania NBS, 2002. Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). http://www.tanzania.go.tz/hbs/ HomePage HBS.html.
Tibaijuka, Anna Kajumulo, “AIDS and economic welfare in peasant agriculture: Case studies from Kagabiro village, Kagera region, Tanzania,” World Development, June 1997, 25 (6), 963–975.
World Bank, “Tanzania AIDS Assessment and Planning Study,” 1992. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank, “User’s Guide to the Kagera Health and Development Survey Datasets,” December 2004. mimeo.
Yamano, Takashi and T. S. Jayne, “Measuring the Impacts ofWorking-Age Adult Mortality on Small-Scale Farm Households in Kenya,” World Development, January 2004, 32 (1), 91–119.