Fischer, Justina AV (2009): Subjective Well-Being as Welfare Measure: Concepts and Methodology.
Download (276Kb) | Preview
Happiness research is on the rise, but is confounded by competing definitions of subjective well-being based on co-existing concepts, resulting in differing measures and giving rise to different potential policy applications. This paper motivates the societal necessity for using well-being indicators and gives a short overview of the relation between the concepts ‘subjective well-being’, ‘affect’, ‘life satisfaction’, and ‘happiness’. It describes their measurements and operationalizations in surveys, illustrates their philosophical roots, discusses their validity and reliability, and attempts to shed light on the scope of their policy applicability. Focus of this paper is on practical issues when applying measures of subjective well-being for policy evaluations. Target audiences of this paper are the interested public and laypersons, non-expert economists, and statisticians.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Subjective Well-Being as Welfare Measure: Concepts and Methodology.|
|Keywords:||Happiness; Life Satisfaction; Subjective Well-Being; Concepts; Methodology; Measurement; Econometrics; History; Behavioral Economics|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C33 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
Z - Other Special Topics > Z0 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs > C81 - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data
B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B1 - History of Economic Thought through 1925 > B11 - Preclassical (Ancient, Medieval, Mercantilist, Physiocratic)
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D01 - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
|Depositing User:||Justina AV Fischer|
|Date Deposited:||10. Aug 2009 07:46|
|Last Modified:||20. Dec 2013 05:40|
Allardt, E. (1976), Dimensions of Welfare in a Comparative Scandinavian Study, Acta Sociologica 19, 227-239.
Andrews, F. M., and S.B. Withey (1976). Social indicators of well-being. New York: Plenum.
Ateca-Amestoy, V. , R. Serrano-del-Rosal, and E. Vera-Toscano (2008), The leisure experience, The Journal of Socio-Economics 37, 64–78.
Bentham, J. (1789), An introduction into the principles of morals and legislation.
Bjørnskov, C. (2008), How Comparable are the Gallup World Poll Life Satisfaction Data? Forthcoming in Journal of Happiness Studies.
Blanchflower, D.G. and A.J. Oswald (2008a), Heart Rate and Happiness, presentation at the University of Zurich, 2008.
Blanchflower, D.G. and A.J. Oswald (2008b), Hypertension and happiness across nations, Journal of Health Economics 27, 218-233.
Bradburn, N.M. (1969), The structure of psychological wellbeing. Chicago: Aldine.
Brock, D.W. (1993), Life and death: Philosophical essays in biomedical ethics, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Camfield, L. and S. Skevington (2008), On Subjective Well-being and Quality of Life, Journal of Health Psychology 13, 764-775
Cantril, H. (1965). The pattern of human concerns. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Christopher, J.C. (1999), Situating Psychological Well-Being: Exploring the Cultural Roots of Its Theory and Research, Journal of Counseling & Development 77, 141-152.
Clark, A. and O. Lelkes (2009), Let us pray: religious interactions in life satisfaction, PSE working paper, Jan 2009
Clark, A., P. Frijters, P., and M. Shields (2008), Relative income, happiness and utility: an explanation for the Easterlin paradox and other puzzles, Journal of Economic Literature 46, 95-144 .
Cohen F., K.A. Kearney, L.S. Zegans, M.E. Kemeny, J.M. Neuhaus, and D.P. Stites (1999), Differential immune system changes with acute and persistent stress for optimists vs. pessimists, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 13, 155-74.
Courard-Hauri, D. (2007), Using Monte Carlo analysis to investigate the relationship between overconsumption and uncertain access to one's personal utility function, Ecological Economics 64, 152-162.
Cummins, R.A. (1996), The domains of life satisfaction: An attempt to order chaos, Social Indicators Research 38, 303-328
Cummins, R.A. (1993), Comprehensive Quality of Life Scale for adults. Manual ComQol-A4, Deakin University, School of Psychology, Australia
Daly, M.C. and D.J. Wilson (2008), Happiness, Unhappiness, and Suicide: An Empirical Assessment. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper, 2008-19.
Daly, M.C., D.J. Wilson, and N. J. Johnson (2007). Happiness Relative status and well-being: evidence from US suicide deaths, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper, 2007-12.
Deaton, A. (2007), Income, Ageing, Health and Wellbeing around the World: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll, NBER Working Paper 13317.
Diener, E., R.E. Lucas, U. Schimmack, and J. Helliwell (2008), Well-Being for Public Policy, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Diener, E., R.A. Emmons, R. J. Larsen, and S. Griffin (1985), The Satisfaction With Life Scale, Journal of Personality Assessment 49, 71 – 75.
Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin 95, 542–575.
Dolan, P., T. Peasgood, and M. White (2008), Do we really know what makes us happy ? A review of the economic literature on the factors with subjective well-being, Journal of Economic Psychology 29, 94-122.
Dorn, D., J. A.V. Fischer, G. Kirchgässner, and A. Sousa-Poza (2008), Direct democracy and life satisfaction revisited: new evidence for Switzerland, Journal of Happiness Studies 9, 227-255.
Duncan, G. (2005), What Do We Mean By ’Happiness’? The Relevance of Subjective Wellbeing to Social Policy, Social Policy Journal Of New Zealand 25, 16-31
Easterlin, R. (1974). Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot? Some Empirical Evidence. In: Nations and Households in Economic Growth. P. A. David and M. W. Reder, Academic Press, 89-125.
Ehrhardt, J.J., W.E. Saris, and R. Veenhoven (2000), Stability of Life-satisfaction over Time, Journal of Happiness Studies 1, 177-205
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. (2005), Income and well-being: an empirical analysis of the comparison income effect, Journal of Public Economics 89, 997-1019.
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. and P. Frijters (2004), How Important is Methodology for the estimates of the determinants of Happiness?, Economic Journal 114, 641-659.
Fischer, J. A.V. (2009a), What makes people happy in OECD countries? A micro-level analysis, mimeo, Paris.
Fischer, J. A.V. (2009b), Cross-country determinants of subjective well-being in 30 OECD countries, presented at the ISQOLS 2009, July 19-23, Florence.
Fischer, J.A.V. (2009c), Happiness and age cycles – return to start…, MPRA Paper 15249, University Library of Munich, Germany, ESEM 2009 Conference Paper.
Fischer, J. A.V. and A. Sousa-Poza (2008), Personality, Job Satisfaction and Health - The Mediating Influence of Affectivity, Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics 144, 379-435.
Frey, B.S. and A. Stutzer, 2000, Happiness, Economy and Institutions, The Economic Journal, 110 , 918-938
Fugl-Meyer, A.R., I.B. Braenholm, and K.S. Fugl-Meyer (1991), Happiness and domain-specific life satisfaction in adult northern Swedes, Clinical Rehabilitation 5, 25-33.
Hamermesh, D.S. and N.M. Soss (1974), An Economic Theory of Suicide, The Journal of Political Economy 82, 83-98
Helliwell, J.D. (2008), Life Satisfaction and Quality of Development, NBER working paper no. 14507.
Helliwell, J.D. (2007), Well-Being and Social Capital: Does Suicide Pose a Puzzle?, Social Indicators Research 81, 455-496.
Huppert, F.A. (2008), State-of-Science Review: Psychological Wellbeing: Evidence regarding its Causes & Consequences. Foresight-SR-X2 v5 stage 6, Mental Capital and Mental Wellbeing, Version 9 July 2008.
Juster, F.T., P. N. Courant, and G.D. Dow (1985), A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of Time Allocation Data, in: F.T. Juster and F.P. Stafford (eds.) , Time, Goods and Well-Being, Ann Arbor, Michigan: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 113-31.
Kahneman, D. and A.B. Krueger (2006), Developments in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being, Journal of Economic Perspectives 20, 3-24.
Kahneman, D. and R.H. Thaler (2006), Anomalies: Utility Maximization and Experienced Utility, Journal of Economic Perspectives 20, 221-234.
Kahneman, D., B. Fredrickson, C.A. Schreiber, and D. Redelmeier (1993), When More Pain is Preferred to Less: Adding a Better End, Psychological Science 4, 401-405.
Koivumaa-Honkanen, H., R. Honkanen M. Koskenvuo, and J. Kaprio (2003), Self-reported happiness in life and suicide in ensuing 20 years, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 38, 244-248.
Kroh, M. (2009), An Experimental Evaluation of Popular Well-Being Measures, DIW Berlin, unpublished manuscript.
Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K. , L. McGuire, T.F. Robles, and R. Glaser (2002), Psychoneuroimmunology: Psychological Influences on Immune Function and Health, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 70, 537–547
Kilpatrick F., and H. Cantril (1960), Self-anchoring scaling: A measure of individual's unique reality worlds, Journal of Individual Psychology 16, 158-170.
Layard, R. (2005), Happiness: Lessons from a New Science, London: Penguin.
Likert, R. (1932), A Technique for the Measurement of Attitudes, Archives of Psychology 140, 1–55
Lucas, R., E. Diener, and E. Suh (1996), Discriminant validity of well-being measures, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71, 616-28.
Lykken, D.T. and A. Tellegen (1996), Happiness is a Stochastic Phenomenon, Psychological Science 7, 186-189.
McCall, S. (1975), Quality of life, Social Indicators Research 2, 299-249
Nielsen, I. and R. Smyth (2008), Job satisfaction and response to incentives among China’s urban workforce, The Journal of Socio-Economics 37, 1921–1936
Nussbaum, M.C. (2000), Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach, Cambridge University Press.
Mill, J.S. (1863), Utilitarianism.
Mojon-Azzi, S. and A. Sousa-Poza (2007), Hypertension And Life Satisfaction: A Comment And Replication Of Blanchflower And Oswald (2007), University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2007-44
OECD (2007), Society at a Glance: OECD Social Indicators 2006, Paris: OECD 2007.
Oswald, A. and N. Powdthavee (2006), Does Happiness Adapt? A Longitudinal Study of Disability with Implications for Economists and Judges, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), IZA Discussion Papers 2208,
Ouelette-Kuntz, H. (1990), A pilot study in the use of the Quality Of Life Interview Schedule, Social Indicators Research 23, 283-298
Ouweneel, P., and R. Veenhoven (1991), Cross-National Differences in Happiness: Cultural Bias or Societal Quality?, in: Bleichrodt, N & Drenth, P.J. (eds.) Contemporary issues in cross-cultural psychology, Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger 1991, 168-184
Plato, Politeia, book II
Robinson, W.S. (1950), Ecological correlations and the behavior of individuals, American Sociological Review, 30, 351-357
Rode, J.C., M.T. Rehg, J.P. Near, and J.R. Underhill (2007), The Effect of Work/Family Conflict on Intention to Quit: The Mediating Roles of Job and Life Satisfaction, Applied Research in Quality of Life 2, 65–82
Sandoe, P. (1999), Quality of life, three competing views, Ethical theory and Moral Practice 2, 11-23.
Schimmack, U., E. Diener, and S. Oishi (2002), Life-Satisfaction Is a Momentary Judgment and a Stable Personality Characteristic: The use of chronically accessible and stable sources, Journal of Personality 70, 345-384.
Schimmack, U. and S. Oishi (2005), The Influence of Chronically and Temporarily Accessible Information on Life Satisfaction Judgments, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89, 395–406.
Saris, W.E., T. van Wijk, and A. Scherpenzeel (1998), Validity and Reliability of Subjective Social Indicators: The effect of different measures of association 45, 173-199.
Schimmack, U., P. Krause, G.G. Wagner, and J. Schupp (2009), Stability and Change of Well Being: An Experimentally Enhanced Latent State-Trait-Error Analysis, Social Indicator Research (forthcoming), DOI: 10.1007/s11205-009-9443-8
Schimmack, U., J. Schupp, and G.G. Wagner (2008), The Influence of Environment and Personality on the Affective and Cognitive Component of Subjective Well-being, Social Indicator Research 89, 41-60
Schneider, L., and U. Schimmack (2009). Self-Informant Agreement in Well-Being Ratings: A Meta-Analysis, Social Indicator Research (forthcoming), DOI: 10.1007/s11205-009-9440-y
Schwarz, N. and F. Strack (1999), Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. In: D. Kahneman, E. Diener & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: the foundations of hedonist psychology, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 61-84.
Schwarz, N. and G.L. Clore (1983), Misattribution, and Judgements of Well-Being: Informative and Directive Functions of Affective States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45, 513-523.
Sen, A. (1985), Commodities and capabilities, Amsterdam: North-Holland
Steptoe A., J. Wardle, and M. Marmot (2005), Positive affect and health-related neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory processes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States 102, 6508-6512.
Stubbe, J.H., D.I. Posthuma, and E.J.C. De Geus, (2005), Heritability of life satisfaction in adults: a twin-family study, Psychological Medicine. 35, 1581-1588
Sumner, W. (1996). Welfare, happiness, and ethics. Oxford: Claredon Press.
Urry, H.L., J.B. Nitschke, I. Dolski, D.C. Jackson, K.M. Dalton, C.J. Mueller, M.A. Rosenkranz, C.D. Ryff, B.H. Singer, and R.J. Davidson (2004), Making a Life Worth Living: Neural Correlates of Well-Being, Psychological Science 15, 367–372.
van Reekum, C.M., H.L. Urry, T. Johnstone, M.E. Thurow, C.J. Frye, C.A. Jackson, H.S. Schaefer, A.L. Alexander, and R. J. Davidson (2007), Individual Differences in Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Activity are Associated with Evaluation Speed and Psychological Well-being, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 19, 237-248
Veenhoven, R. (2000), The four qualities of life: Ordering concepts and measures of the good life, Journal of Happiness Studies 1, 1-39.
Veenhoven, R. (2009), Happiness Scale Interval Study http://www.worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/scalestudy/scale_fp.htm (9 Jan 2009)
Weitoft, G.R., and M. Rozen (2005), Is perceived nervousness and anxiety a predictor of premature mortality and severe morbidity? A longitudinal follow up the Swedish survey of living conditions, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 59, 794-798.
Wanous, J.P. and M.J. Hudy (2001), Single-item reliability: a replication and extension, Organizational Research Methods 4,361-375.
Wilson, W. (1967), Correlates of avowed happiness, Psychological Bulletin 67, 294-406.
Ware, J.E. Jr. (1996), The SF-36 Health Survey, In: B. Spilker (Ed.), Quality of Life and Pharmaco-economics in Clinical Trials, Leppincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia USA 1996, 337-345
WHO (2001), The World Health Report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope, Geneva.