Picci, Lucio (2009): The Internationalization of Inventive Activity: A Gravity Model Using Patent Data.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (248kB) | Preview
This paper discusses the extent and the determinants of the internationalization of European inventive activity, between 1990 and 2005, using an innovative method to treat the information contained in the European Patent Office's Patstat database. We introduce a new set of indicators measuring internationalized patent applications that are fully coherent with the principle of fractional counting. The observed level of internationalization of inventive activities, while being rather low, has steadily increased over time. The amount of collaboration between actors residing in different countries is assessed by means of a gravity model. The amount of bilateral collaboration is positively affected by the presence of a common language, a common border and by more similar cultural characteristics. International collaboration is negatively affected by distance, with estimated elasticities that are significantly smaller than the ones that characterize international trade.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Internationalization of Inventive Activity: A Gravity Model Using Patent Data|
|Keywords:||Gravity models, R&D, patents, internationalization|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C51 - Model Construction and Estimation
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O30 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C24 - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
|Depositing User:||Lucio Picci|
|Date Deposited:||09. Nov 2009 01:38|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 19:49|
Anderson, James (1979), The Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation, American Economic Review 69, pp. 106-116.
Baldwin, Richard (2006), “The Euro's Trade Effect (2006), Proceedings of June 2005 workshop on what effects is EMU having on the Euro Area and its member countries” European Central Bank
Baldwin, Richard and Taglioni, Daria (2006), Gravity for Dummies and Dummy for gravity Equations, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5850
Blum, Bernardo S. and Goldfarb, Avi (2006), Does the Internet defy the law of gravity? Journal of International Economics, 70, pp. 384-405
Ceglowski, Janet (2006), Does Gravity Matter in a Service Economy?, Review of World Economy, Vol. 142, pp. 307-329
Chesbrough, Henry (2003), Open Innovation, Harvard Business Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts
De Rassenfosse, Gaétan, and van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno (2007) “Per un pugno di dollari: A first look at the price elasticity of patents” Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 23(4), pp. 588-604
De Rassenfosse, Gaétan, Dernis, Helene; Guellec Dominiqueand van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno Patent statistics without the home bias: a corrected count of priority filings using Patstat, (2009). Mimeo.
Dernis, Helene; Guellec Dominique and van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno (2001) "Using patent counts for cross-country comparisons of technology output", STI Review, 27, OECD, pp. 129-146.
Dernis, Helene and Khan, Mosahid (2004), Triadic patent families methodology, OECD, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, DSTI/DOC (2004)2
Disdier, Anne-Célia, and Head, Keith (2008), “The Puzzling Persistence of the Distance Effect on Bilateral Trade” The Review of Economic and Statistics, 90(1): pp. 37-48
European Patent Office (2009a), PATSTAT database, April 2009 Edition
European Patent Office (2009b), Data catalogue for the EPO Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, April 2009 Edition
Fearon, James (2003), Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country, Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 8, pp. 195-222
Frankel, Jeffrey, and Rose, Andrew (2002), An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 117, pp 437-466.
Guellec, Dominique, and van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno (2001), “The internationalization of technology analyzed with patent data” Research Policy 30, pp. 1253-1266
Guiso, Luigi; Sapienza, Paola and Zingales, Luigi (2009) Cultural Biases in Economic Exchange? The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124(3), pp. 1095-1131.
Kimura, Fukunari and Lee, Hyun-Hoon (2006), The Gravity Equation in International Trade in Services, Review of World Economics, Vol. 142, pp. 92-121.
Le Bas, Christian and Sierra, Christophe (2002) Location versus home advantages' in R&D activities: some further results on multinationals' location strategies, Research Policy 31, pp. 589-609.
Lewer, Joshua J, and Van den Berg, Hendrik (2007), A gravity model of immigration, Economic Letters 99, pp. 164-167
Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Nowak-Lehmann, Felicitas and Sebastian Vollmer (2009), The Log of Gravity Revisited, mimeo.
OECD (2008), Open Innovation in Global Networks, Paris
Park, Walter G (2008), International patent protection: 1960-2005, Research Policy, Vol. 37, pp. 761-766.
Patel, Pari and Pavitt, Keith (1991), “Large firms in the production of the world technology: An important case of "non-globalization” Journal of International Business Studies 22 (1), pg. 1-21
Patel, Pari and M. Vega (1999) Patterns of internationalisation of corporate technology: location versus home country advantages. Research Policy 28 (2/3), pp. 145-155
Peri, Giovanni (2005) Determinants of Knowledge Flows and Their Effect on Innovation, the Review of Economics and Statistics, 87(2): pp. 308-322
Rose, Andrew (2000), One Money, One Market: Estimating the Effects of Common Currencies on Trade," Economic Policy, Vol. 15 (April), pp. 7-45
Santos Silva, Joao, and Tenreyo, Silvana (2006) The Log of Gravity, Vol. 88, No. 4, Pp. 641-658.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (2007) Sharing the Idea: The Emergence of Global Innovation Networks, London.
UNCTAD (2009), World Investment Report, Annex Tables. Available online: http://www.unctad.org/Templates/Page.asp?intItemID=3203&lang=1 (last accessed on October 15, 2009)
Available Versions of this Item
- The Internationalization of Inventive Activity: A Gravity Model Using Patent Data. (deposited 09. Nov 2009 01:38) [Currently Displayed]