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Cross-sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis

Sarafidis, Vasilis and Wansbeek, Tom (2010): Cross-sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis.

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Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the existing literature on panel data models with error cross-sectional dependence. We distinguish between spatial dependence and factor structure dependence and we analyse the implications of weak and strong cross-sectional dependence on the properties of the estimators. We consider estimation under strong and weak exogeneity of the regressors for both T fixed and T large cases. Available tests for error cross-sectional dependence and methods for determining the number of factors are discussed in detail. The finite-sample properties of some estimators and statistics are investigated using Monte Carlo experiments.

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