Ponzo, Michela (2010): On-the-job search in Italian labour markets: an empirical analysis.
Download (340Kb) | Preview
This paper analyses the determinants of on-the-job search activities of Italian workers. Using several waves of the Bank of Italy Survey on Household Income and Wealth (SHIW) we estimate with a Probit model how individual socio demographic characteristics and economic variables affect the probability of on-the-job search. We find that the probability of being engaged in job-search activities is higher for low-wage earners, for workers with low tenure and higher levels of education, for males and for residents in large cities. Moreover, we find significant differences in the determinants of on-the-job search activities across sectors. Public sector employees show a considerable lower probability of on-thejob search compared to private sector workers; White-collars and teachers search much less than blue-collars (both in private and public sectors). Results suggest that the attractiveness of jobs varies considerably, even controlling for wage levels and that notwithstanding the high degree of centralization Italian markets are reactive to job-search determinants.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||On-the-job search in Italian labour markets: an empirical analysis|
|Keywords:||Job search, labour mobility, Public sector|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J4 - Particular Labor Markets > J45 - Public Sector Labor Markets
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J62 - Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M5 - Personnel Economics > M51 - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions
|Depositing User:||Michela Ponzo|
|Date Deposited:||28. Sep 2010 20:41|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 12:16|
Addison, J. and Portugal, P. (2002) Job search methods and outcomes, Oxford Economic Papers, 54, pp. 505-533.
Akerlof, G., Rose, A. and Yellen, J. (1988) Job switching and job satisfaction in the U.S. labor market, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2, pp. 495–582.
Anderson, P. and Meyer, B. (1994) The extent and consequences of job turnover, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Microeconomics, pp. 177-248.
Bartel, A. (1982) Wages, nonwage job characteristics, and labor mobility, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 35, pp. 578-589.
Becker, G. (1962) Investment in human capital: a theoretical analysis, Journal of Political Economy, 70(Supplement), pp.9-49.
Black, M. (1981) An empirical test of the theory of on-the-job search, Journal of Human Resources, 16, pp. 141-151.
Blau, D. (1991), Search for nonwage job characteristics: a test of the reservation wage hypothesis, Journal of Labor Economics, 9, pp. 186-205.
Blau, D. (1992) An empirical analysis of employed and unemployed job search behaviour, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45, pp. 738-752.
Blau, F. and Kahn, L. (1981) Race and sex differences in quits by young workers, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 34, pp. 563-577.
Böckermann, P. and Ilmakunnas P. (2009), Job disamenities, job satisfaction, quit intentions,and actual separations: putting the pieces together, Industrial Relations, 48 (1), pp.73-96.
Booth, A. and Francesconi, M. (1999), Job mobility in 1990s Britain: does gender matter?,Mimeo.
Burdett, K. (1978) A theory of employee job search and quit rates, The American Economic Review, 68(1), pp. 212-220.
Burgess, S. (1994) The reallocation of employment and the role of employment protection legislation, CEPR, Discussion Paper , 193, LSE, London.
Burgess, S. (1999) Reallocation of labour: an international comparison using job tenure data, CEPR, LSE, London.
Campbell, C. (1997) The determinants of dismissals, quits and layoffs: a multinomial logit approach, Southern Economic Journal, 63, pp. 1066-1073.
Clark, A. (2001) What really matters in a job? hedonic measurement using quit data, Labour Economics, 8, pp. 223–242.
Clark, A., Georgellis, Y., and Sanfey, P. (1998) Job satisfaction, wage changes, and quits: evidence from Germany, Research in Labor Economics, 17, pp. 95–121.
Delfgaauw, J. (2007) The effect of job satisfaction on job search: not just whether, but also where, Labour Economics, 14, pp. 299–317.
Eckstein, z. and van den Berg, G (2007) Empirical labor search: a survey, Journal of Econometrics, 136, pp. 531–564.
Flanagan, R., Strauss, G., and Ulman, L. (1974) Worker discontent and work place behavior,Industrial Relations, 13, pp. 101-123.
Freeman, R. (1978a) Job satisfaction as an economic variable, American Economic Review(Papers and Proceedings), 68(2), pp. 135-141.
Fuentes, A. (2002) The determinants of on-the-job search: an empirical explanation, IMF Working Paper 156.
Garcìa-Serrano, C. (2004) Temporary employment, working conditions and expected exits from firms, Review of Labor Economics and Industrial Relations, 18, pp. 293-316.
Gielen, A. (2008) Repeated job quits: stepping stones or learning about quality?, institute for the study of labor (IZA), Discussion Paper, 3838.
Gregg, P. and Wadsworth, J. (1996) How effective are state employment agencies? job centre use and job matching in britain, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 58 (3), pp. 443-467.
Gronberg, T. and Reed, W. (1994), Estimating workers’ marginal willingness to pay for job attributes using duration data, Journal of Human Resources, 29, pp. 911-931.
Hartog, J., Mekkelholt E. and Van Ophem, H. (1988), Testing the relevance of job search for job mobility, Economics Letters, 27, pp. 299-303.
Hartog, J. and van Ophem, H. (1994) On-the-job search and the cyclical sensitivity of job mobility, European Economic Review, 38(3-4), pp. 802-808.
Hartog, J. and van Ophem, H. (1996) On-the-job search, mobility and wages in the netherlands: what do we know?, in R. Schettkat (ed.), The Flow Analysis of Labour Markets, pp. 229-255 (London Routledge).
Hersch, J. (1991) Education match and job match, Review of Economics and Statistics, 73, pp.140-144.
Holmlund, B. (1984) Income prospects and job mobility: the case of Sweden, European Economic Review, 24 (3), pp. 383-400.
Holzer, H. (1987) Job search by employed and unemployed youth, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 40 (4), pp. 601-611.
Hwang, H., Mortensen, D. and Reed, W. (1998), Hedonic wages and labor market search, Journal of Labor Economics, 16 (4), pp. 815-47.
Kidd, M. (1991) An econometric analysis of interfirm labour mobility, Canadian Journal of Economics, 24, pp. 517-535.
Kidd, M. (1994), Some Canadian Evidence on the Quit/Lay-off Distinction, Canadian Journal of Economics, 27, pp. 709-733.
Kristensen, N. and Westergård-Nielsen, N. (2004), Does low job satisfaction lead to job mobility? IZA Discussion Paper, 1026.
Lang K. and Majumdar, S. (2004) The pricing of job characteristics when markets do not clear: theory and policy implications, International Economic Review, 45 (4), pp. 1111-1128.
Lazear, E. (1990) Job security and employment, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 105, pp. 699-726.
Lévy-Garboua, L., Montmarquette, C., and Simonnet, V. (2007) Job satisfaction and quits, Labour Economics, 14, pp. 251-268.
Lucifora, C. (1998) The impact of unions on labour turnover in Italy: evidence from establishment level data”, International Journal of Industrial Organisation, 16, pp. 353-376.
Manning, A., (2003) Monopsony in motion, Princeton, in: Princeton University Press (Eds).
Pencavel, J. (1972) Wages, specific training, and labor turnover in us manufacturing industries, International Economic Review, 13 (1), pp. 53-64.
Pissarides, C., and Wadsworth, J. (1994) On-the-job search: some empirical evidence from Britain, European Economic Review, 38 (2), pp. 385-402.
Royalty, A. (1998) Job-to-job and job-to-nonemployment turnover by gender and education level, Journal of Labor Economics, 16, pp. 392-443.
Salop, S. (1979) Wage differentials in a dynamic theory of the firm, Journal of Economic Theory, 6, pp. 321-44.
Scoppa, V. (2009) Intergenerational transfers of public sector jobs: a shred of evidence on nepotism, Public Choice, 141, pp. 167–188.
Shields, M. and Price, S. (2002) Racial harassment, job satisfaction and intentions to quit: evidence from the British nursing profession, Economica, 69, pp. 295–326.
Sousa-Poza, A. and Henneberger, F. (2004) Analyzing job mobility with job turnover intentions: an international comparative study, Journal of Economic Issue, 38(1), pp. 113-137.
Stiglitz, J. (1974) Incentives and risk sharing in sharecropping, Review of Economic Studies, 41, pp. 219-255.
Topel, R. (1986) Job mobility, search and earnings growth, Research in Labour Economics, 8, pp. 199-233.
Tsang, M. and Levin, H. (1985) The economics of overeducation, Economics of Education Review, 4, pp. 93-104.
Van Ophem, H. (1991) Wages, nonwage job characteristics and the search behavior, Review of Economics and Statistics 73, pp. 145–51.
Van Ours, J. (1990) An international comparative study on job mobility, Labour 4, pp. 33-55.
Viscusi, W. (1979) Job hazards and worker quit rates: an analysis of adaptive worker behavior, International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, 20 (1), pp. 29-58.
Ward, M. and Sloane, P. (2000), Non-pecuniary advantages versus pecuniary disadvantages: job satisfaction among male and female academics in Scottish Universities, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 47, pp. 273-303.
Wooldridge, J. (2002), Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data, (Cambridge: MIT Press). Zimmermann, K. (1994) German job mobility and wages, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Discussion Paper, 4.