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The dynamics of national innovation systems: a panel cointegration analysis of the coevolution between innovative capability and absorptive capacity

Fulvio, Castellacci and Jose Miguel, Natera (2011): The dynamics of national innovation systems: a panel cointegration analysis of the coevolution between innovative capability and absorptive capacity.

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Abstract

This paper puts forward the idea that the dynamics of national innovation systems is driven by the coevolution of two main dimensions: innovative capability and absorptive capacity. The empirical analysis employs a broad set of indicators measuring national innovative capabilities and absorptive capacity for a panel of 98 countries in the period 1980-2008, and makes use of panel cointegration analysis to investigate long-run relationships and coevolution patterns among these variables. The results indicate that the dynamics of national systems of innovation is driven by the coevolution of three innovative capability variables (technological output, scientific output, innovative input), on the one hand, and three absorptive capacity factors (income per capita, infrastructures and international trade), on the other.

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