Bøg, Martin and Kranendonk, Erik (2011): Labor market discrimination of minorities? yes, but not in job offers.
Download (619kB) | Preview
This paper presents evidence from a field experiment designed to evaluate the efficacy of anonymous application procedures. While the policy evaluation itself is of interest, more importantly the experiment provides a unique opportunity to detect race based differential treatment in a controlled market environment. Over a 6 month period we observe all applications sent in response to local public sector vacancies. We observe both the callback and the job oer decision. We compare decisions of recruiters when they can observe ethnic markers (control) with a treatment condition where ethnic markers are absent. We find a substantial differential in the callback decision. Interestingly, we do not find evidence for differential treatment in the job offer decision. A follow up experiment provides indications that recruiters respond strategically to the announcement of the results of the first experiment.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Labor market discrimination of minorities? yes, but not in job offers|
|Keywords:||Field Experiment; Discrimination; Public Sector; Anonymous Application Procedures|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J4 - Particular Labor Markets > J45 - Public Sector Labor Markets
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J71 - Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J78 - Public Policy
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C93 - Field Experiments
|Depositing User:||Martin Bøg|
|Date Deposited:||12. Sep 2011 13:46|
|Last Modified:||20. Feb 2013 07:12|
Altonji, J. G., and R. M. Blank (1999): “Chapter 48 Race and gender in the labor market," vol. 3 of Handbook of Labor Economics, pp. 3143-3259. Elsevier.
Arrow, K. J. (1973): “The Theory of Discrimination," in Discrimination in Labor Markets, ed. by O. Ashenfelter, and A. Rees, pp. 3-33. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Aslund, O., and O. Skans (2007): “Do anonymous job application procedures level the playing field?," IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation / Working Paper Series.
Becker, G. S. (1957): The Economics of Discrimination. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Bertrand, M., and S. Mullainathan (2004): “Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination," American Economic Review, 94(4), 991-1013.
Bovenkerk, F., M. Gras, D. Ramsoedh, M. Dankoor, and A. Havelaar (1995): “Discrimination against migrant workers and ethnic minorities in access to employment in the Netherlands," International Migration Papers 4.
Carlsson, M., and D.-O. Rooth (2007): “Evidence of ethnic discrimination in the Swedish labor market using experimental data," Labour Economics, 14(4), 716 29.
Carlsson, M., and D.-O. Rooth (2008): “Is It Your Foreign Name or Foreign Qualifications? An Experimental Study of Ethnic Discrimination in Hiring," IZA Discussion Paper No. 3810.
Coate, S., and G. C. Loury (1993): “Will Afirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?," American Economic Review, 83(5), 1220-40.
Eriksson, S., and J. Lagerstrom (2007): “Detecting Discrimination in the Hiring Process: Evidence from an Internet-based Search Channel," IFAU Working Paper No. 2007:19, Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation, Sweden.
Gemeente Nijmegen (2008): “Rapportage 'anonimiseren van sollicitatiebrieven': Evaluatie eerste en tweede meting," Nijmegen: Gemeente Nijmegen.
Goldin, C., and C. Rouse (2000): “Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of "Blind" Auditions on Female Musicians," American Economic Review, 90(4), 715-41.
Harrison, G., and J. List (2004): “Field experiments," Journal of Economic Literature, 42(4), 1009-1055.
Heckman, J. (1998): “Detecting discrimination," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 12(2), 101-116.
Imbens, G., and J. Wooldridge (2009): “Recent Developments in the Econometrics of Program Evaluation," Journal of Economic Literature, 47(1), 5-86.
Kruisbergen, E., and T. Veld (2002): “Een gekleurd beeld. Over beoordeling en selectie van jonge allochtone werknemers," Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.
List, J. A. (2004): “The Nature and Extent of Discrimination in the Marketplace: Evidence From the Field," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 119(1), 49-89.
Lundberg, S. J., and R. Startz (1983): “Private Discrimination and Social Intervention in Competitive Labor Markets," American Economic Review, 73(3), 340-47.
Neal, D. A., and W. R. Johnson (1996): “The Role of Premarket Factors in Black- White Wage Difierences," Journal of Political Economy, 104(5), 869-95.
Norman, P. (2003): “Statistical Discrimination and Eficiency," Review of Economic Studies, 70(3), 615-627.
Phelps, E. S. (1972): “The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, 62(4), 659-61.
Riach, P. A., and J. Rich (2002): “Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place," Economic Journal, 112(483), F480-F518.
Scheepers, P., R. Eisinga, and L. Linssen (1994): “Etnocentrisme in Nederland: Veranderingen bij kansarme categorieen?," Sociologische Gids, 3, 185-201.
Verberk, G., P. Scheepers, and A. Felling (2002): “Attitudes and behavioural intentions towards ethnic minorities. An empirical test of several theoretical explanations for the Dutch case," Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2, 197-217.