Triventi, Moris (2011): The role of higher education stratification in the reproduction of social inequality in the labour market. A comparative study of recent European graduates.
Download (118kB) | Preview
This paper analyses the role of institutional stratification within higher education (course length, fields of study and institutional quality) in mediating the relationship between social origin and labour market outcomes (wage and occupational status) in a comparative perspective. In the first part, we develop our theoretical framework, relying on sociological and economic theories and knowledge on countries’ institutional profiles. In the second part, we use data from the 2005 REFLEX survey on European graduates (2000) from 4 countries (Germany, Norway, Italy, and Spain). Results from binomial logistic regression models and the Karlson-Holm-Breen decomposition method indicate that those with tertiary educated parents have higher probabilities of entering in a highly rewarded occupation and this ‘effect’ varies according to level higher education expansion and strength of the institutional mechanisms which connect tertiary education with labour market. Furthermore, higher education stratification contributes to the reproduction on inequality but with a different importance according to the institutional context.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The role of higher education stratification in the reproduction of social inequality in the labour market. A comparative study of recent European graduates|
|Keywords:||higher education, occupational outcomes, social inequality, institutional stratification|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics > A23 - Graduate
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J01 - Labor Economics: General
A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics
|Depositing User:||Moris Triventi|
|Date Deposited:||17. Jan 2012 18:48|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 03:41|
Allison, P. (1999). Comparing Logit and Probit Coefficients Across Groups. Sociological Methods & Research, 28 (2), pp.186-208. Ambler, J.S. and Neathery, J. (1999). Education Policy and Equality: Some evidence from Europe. Social Science Quarterly, 80, 437–456. Barone, C. and Ortiz, L. (2011). Overeducation among European University Graduates: a comparative analysis of its incidence and the importance of higher education differentiation. Higher Education, 61, 325-337 Berggren, C. (2008). Horizontal and Vertical Differentiation within Higher Education – Gender and Class Perspectives. Higher Education Quarterly, 62, 20–39. Blau, Peter and Otis Dudley Duncan. 1967. The American Occupational Structure. NY: Free Press. Bourdieu, P. (1979), La distinction: critique sociale du jugement, Paris, Edition de Minuit. Bourdieu, P. (1996). The State Nobility. Elite Schools in the Field of Power. Cambridge: Polity Press. Breen, R. (Ed.) (2004). Social Mobility in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Breen, R. and Luijx, R. (2004). Social mobility in Europe between 1970 and 2000. In Breen, R. (Ed.), Social Mobility in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 37–75. Breen, Richard and Jonsson, J. (2007). Explaining Change in Social Fluidity: Educational Equalization and Educational Expansion in Twentieth-Century Sweden. American Journal of Sociology, 112 (6): 1775–1810. Breen, R., Karlson, K.B. and Holm, A. (2010). Total, direct, and indirect effects in logit models. Working paper. December 23, 2010. Available online at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstractid=1730065. Brint, S. e Karabel, J.(1989). The Diverted Dream: Community Colleges and the Promise of Educational Opportunity in America, 1900-1985. New York, Oxford University Press. Brunello, G. and Cappellari, L. (2008). The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy. Economics of Education Review, 27, 564-574. Charles M. and Bradley, K. (2002). Equal but Separate? A Cross-National Study of Sex Segregation in Higher Education. American Sociological Review, 67, 573–99. Chevalier, A. and Conlon, G. (2003). Does It Pay to Attend a Prestigious University? IZA Discussion Paper No. 848. Clark, B.R. (1983). The Higher Education System, Berkely (CA), University of California Press. Collins, R. (1979). The Credential Society. An Historical Sociology of Education and Stratification. New York, Academy Press. de Graaf, P. M. and Kalmijn, M. (2001). Trends in the intergenerational transmission of cultural and economic status. Acta Sociologica, 44, 51–66. Duru–Bellat, M., Kieffer, A. and Reimer, D. (2008). Patterns of Social Inequalities in Access to Higher Education in France and Germany. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 49, 347–368. Erikson, R. and Jonsson, J.O. (1998). Social origin as an interest-bearing asset: family background and labour-market rewards among employees in Sweden. Acta Sociologica, 41, 19–36. Gerber, T.P. and Cheung, S.Y. (2008). Horizontal Stratification in Postsecondary Education: Forms, Explanations, and Implications. Annual Review of Sociology, 34, 299–318. Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press. Hansen, M. N. (2001). Education and economic rewards. Variations by social class origin and income measures. European Sociological Review, 17, 209–231. Hauser, R. and Warren, J.R. (1997). Socioeconomic Indexes for Occupations: A Review, Update and Critique in Adrian Raftery ed. Sociological Methodology Vol. 27. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Holmlund, L. (2009). The Effect of College Quality on Earnings Evidence from Sweden. Umeå Economic Studies 781, Umeå University: Department of Economics. Hout, M. (1988). More universalism, less structural mobility: the american occupational structure in the 1980s. American Journal of Sociology, 93, 1358–1400. Hout, M. e DiPrete, T. (2006). What We Have Learned: RC28’s Contributions to Knowledge about Social Stratification. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 24, 1-24. Karlson, K.B. and Holm, A. (2011). Decomposing primary and secondary effects: A new decomposition method. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 29(2): 221-237.
Kerckoff, A.C. (1995). Institutional Arrangements and Stratification Processes in Industrial Societies. Annual Review of Sociology, 21, 323-347. Kohler, U., Karlson, K.B. and Holm, A. (forthcoming). Comparing coefficients of nested nonlinear probability models. Stata Journal. Lin, N. (1999). Social Networks and Status Attainment. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 467-487. Long, J.S. (1997). Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables, Thousand Oaks (CA), Sage. Lucas, S. R. (2001). Effectively Maintained Inequality: Education Transitions, Track Mobility, and Social Background Effects. American Journal of Sociology, 106: 1642-1690. Mastekaasa, A. (2011). Social Origins and Labour Market Success—Stability and Change over Norwegian Birth Cohorts 1950–1969. European Sociological Review, 27 (1), 1-15. Mare, R. (1981). Change and Stability in Educational Stratification. American Sociological Review, 46, 72–87. Mood, C. (2010). Logistic Regression: Why We Cannot Do What We Think We Can Do, and What We Can Do About It. European Sociological Review, 26 (1), pp. 67-82. OECD (2008). Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society, Parigi, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. OECD (2010). Education at a Glance. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Purcell, K., Elias, P., Davies, R. and Wilton, N. (2005). The Class of ’99: a Study of the Early Labour Market Experiences of Recent Graduates. London: Department for Education and Skills, University of Warwick and the University of the West of England. Rabe–Hesketh, S. and Skrondal, A. (2005). Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata. College Station, Texas: Stata Press. Reimer, D., Noelke, C.; Kucel, A. (2008). Labor Market Effects of Field of Study in Comparative Perspective An Analysis of 22 European Countries. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 49: 233-256. Reimer, D. and Pollak, R. (2010): Educational Expansion and Its Consequences for Vertical and Horizontal Inequalities in Access to Higher Education in West Germany. European Sociological Review, 26, 4, 415-430. Shavit, Y., Arum, R. and Gamoran, A. (Eds.) (2007). Stratification in Higher Education. A Comparative Study, Stanford (CA): Stanford University Press. Shavit Y. and Blossfeld H.-P. (Eds.) (1993). Persistent Inequality: Changing Educational Attainment in Thirteen Countries, Boulder (CO), Westview Press. Teichler, U. (1988). Changing Patterns of the Higher Education System: The Experience of Three Decades, London, Jessica Kingsley. Torche, F. (2009). Is a College Degree Still the Great Equalizer? Intergenerational Mobility across Levels of Schooling in the US. Mimeo. Treiman, D. J. (1970). Industrialization and social stratification. In Laumann, E. O. (Ed.), Social Stratification: Research and Theory for the 1970’s. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, pp. 207–234. Triventi, M. (2011). Stratification in higher education and its relationship with social inequality. Evidence from a recent cohort of European graduates. European Sociological Review, doi: 10.1093/esr/jcr092. First published online: December 20. Triventi, M. and Trivellato, P. (2009). Participation, Performance and Inequality in Italian Higher Education in the 20th Century. Higher Education, 57, 681-702. van de Werfhorst, H. G. (2002). A detailed examination of the role of education in intergenerational social-class mobility. Social Science Information, 41, 407–438. Van de Werfhorst, H.G. (2008). Educational Fields of Study and European Labor Markets. Introduction to a Special Issue. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 49, 227–231. Van de Werfhorst HG, Kraaykamp G. (2001). Four Field-Related Educational Resources and their Impact on Labor, Consumption and Sociopolitical Orientation. Sociology of Education, 74: 296–317.