Yousuf, Ahmed Sadek (2012): Impact of Health Aid on Infant Mortality Rate.
Download (399kB) | Preview
This paper examines the relationship between health aid and infant mortality, using data from in total 135 countries, between 1975 and 2010. According to the findings, aid comes to have a statistically significant and positive effect on infant mortality rate, as doubling of aid leads to an approximately 1.3% reduction in infant mortality rates. Thus for an average aid recipient country, doubling per capita aid leads to a reduction of about 790 deaths per million live births in a particular year. This effect, in comparison to the set goals of the Millennium Development Goals, is small and may not be enough to ensure that the MDG targets are met by 2015.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Impact of Health Aid on Infant Mortality Rate|
|English Title:||Impact of Health Aid on Infant Mortality Rate|
|Keywords:||Health Aid; Infant Mortality Rate; System GMM|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F35 - Foreign Aid
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C23 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C33 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||A.S. Yousuf|
|Date Deposited:||06. Dec 2012 13:52|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 13:39|
1. Mishra, P. and Newhouse, D. (2009), ‘Does Health Aid Matter?’ Journal of Health Economics, Vol 24, pp 855-872
2. Arrellano, M. and Bond, S. (1991), ‘Some tests for specification of panel data: Monte Carlo evidence and application to employment equations,’ Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Vol 58(2), pp 277-297
3. Arellano, M and Bover, O. (1995), ‘Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models,’ Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, pp 29-51.
4. Blundell, R and Bond S. (1998), ‘Initial Conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models,’ Journal of Econometrics, Vol 87, pp 115-143.
5. Roodman, D. (2006), ‘How to do xtabond2: An introduction to Difference and System GMM in Stata,’ Center for Global Development.
6. Anon. (2009), ‘Stata Longitudinal Data/Panel Data Reference Manual, Release 11,’ StataCorp
7. Masud, N. and Yontcheva, B. (2005) ‘Does foreign aid reduce poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid,’ IMF Institute
8. Burnside, C and Dollar, D. (1998) ‘Aid the Incentive Regime, and Poverty Reduction,’ The World Development Research Group
9. Boone, P. (1995), ‘Politics and Effectiveness of foreign Aid,’ Centre for European Performance
10. Fielding, D., McGillivray, M. and Torres S. (2006), ‘A Wider Approach to Aid Effectiveness: Correllated Impact on health, wealth, fertility and education,’ United Nations University
11. McGillivray, M., Fielding, D., Torres, S. and Knowles, S. (2011), ‘Does Aid work for the poor?’ University of Otago, School of Business
12. Pettersson, J. (2007), Child Mortality: Is Aid Fungibility in Pro-poor Expenditure Decisive? Review of World Economics, Springer, Vol. 143, No. 4, pp 673-693
13. Gebhard, N., Kitterman, K., Mitchell, A. A., Nielson, D., Wilson, S. and Brigham University (2008), ‘Healthy Aid? Preliminary results on Aid Effectiveness,’(online), AidData. Avaliable at http://plaid.byu.edu/Assets/Healthy%20Aid_%20Preliminary%20Results%20on%20Health%20Aid%20Effectiveness.pdf (Accessed 220 June, 2012)
14. Wilson, S. (2011), ‘Chasing Success: Health Sector Aid and Mortality,’ World Development, Elsevier, Vol. 39 (11), pp 2032-43
15. Deaton, A. (2010), ‘Instruments, Randomization, and Learning about Development,’ Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, Vol. 48 (2) , pp 424-55
16. Burgeot, R and Soto, M. (2011), ‘Seeds of Hope: Assessing the Effect of Development Aid on Reduction of Poverty,’ Working Papers 591, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
17. Burgeot, R and Soto, M. (2012), ‘Measuring the Child Mortality Impact of Official Aid for fighting Infectious Dieseases, 2000-2010,’ Working Papers 616, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
18. LeGrand, T and Phillips, J. (1996), ‘The Effect of Fertility Reductions on Infant and Child Mortality: Evidence from Matlab in Rural Bangladesh,’ Population Studies, Vol. 50, pp 51-68
19. Williamson, C. (2008), ‘Foreign Aid and Human Development: The Impact of Foreign Aid to the Health Sector,’ Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, Vol. 75 (1), pp 188-207.
20. Chenery, H. B. and Strout, A. M. (1966), ‘Foreign Assistance and Economic Development,’ The American Economic Review, Vol. 46, No. 4
21. Roodman, D. (2004), ‘The Anarchy of Numbers: Aid, Development and Cross Country Empirics,’ Development and Comp Systems 0412003, EconWPA.
22. Sachs, J. D. (2005), ‘The End of Poverty,’ New York: The Penguin Press.
23. Rajan R. and Subramanium A. (2005), ‘Aid and Growth: What does the Cross Country Evidence Really Show?,’ IMF Working Papers, 05/127, International Monetary Fund.
24. Rajan R. and Subramanium A. (2005), ‘What Undermines Aid’s Impact on Growth,’ NBER Working Papers 11657, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
25. Easterly, W. (2002) ‘The cartel of good intentions’ Foreign Policy Vol. 131, pp 40-49.
26. Collier, P. and Dollar, D. (2001) ‘Can the World Cut Poverty in Half? How Policy Reform and Effective Aid Can Meet International Development Goals,’ World Development, Elsevier, Vol. 29 (11), pp 1787-1802.
27. Mosley, P. & Hudson, J. and Verschoor, A. 2004. ‘Aid, Poverty Reduction and the 'New Conditionality,’ Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Vol. 114( 496), pp 217-43, 06.
28. Collier, P. & Hoeffler, A (2004). ‘Greed and grievance in civil war,’ Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(4), pp 563-595, October.
29. Collier, P. and Dehn, J. (2001) ‘Aid, Shocks, and Growth’. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2688. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=632756
30. Dalgaard, C. and H. Hansen (2001), ‘On Aid, Growth and Good Policies’, Journal of Development Studies, Vol.37, No.6, pp. 17-35.
31. Guillaumont, P. and Chauvet, L. (2001), ‘Aid and Performance: A Reassessment’, Journal of Development Studies, Vol.37, No.6, pp. 66-87.
32. Doucouliagos, H & Paldam, M, 2009. ‘The Aid Effectiveness Literature: The Sad Results of 40 Years Of Research,’ Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pp 433-461, 07.
33. Shiffman, J. (2004) ‘Donor Funding Priorities for Communicable Disease Control in Developing Countries,’ Unpublished working paper. Department of Public Administration, Maxwell School of Public Administration, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.
34. Croghan, T. W., Beatty, A. and Ron, A. (2006) ‘Routes to better health for children in four developing countries,’ Milbank Quarterly Vol 84, pp 333-358.
35. Cutler, D., Deaton, A., Lleras-Muney, A. (2006) ‘ The determinants of mortality,’ NBER Working Paper No. 11963. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
36. Hanssen, H. and Tarp, F. (2001) ‘Aid and growth regressions,’ Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pp 547-570
37. Gomanee, Karuna, Girma, S. and Morrissey, O. (2005) ‘Aid public spending and human welfare: Evidence from quantile regressions’ Journal of International Development, Vol 17, pp 299-309.
38. Clemens, M., Radelet, S., Bavnani, R. (2004) ‘Counting chickens when they hatch: the short-term effect of aid on growth’ CGDWorking Paper No. 44. Center for Global Development,Washington, DC.
39. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2012) Development database on aid activities: CRS online. At < www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline>.
40. Political Risk Services Group, Inc. (2012) International Country Risk Guide. At <http://www.prsgroup.com/ICRG.aspx.> 15 June 2012
41. Trumbull, W., & Wall, H. (1994). ‘Estimating aid-allocation criteria with panel data’ The Economic Journal, Vol 104, pp 876-882.
42. Moreira, S.B., (2003). ‘Evaluating the impact of foreign aid on economic growth: A cross-country study (1970-1998)’. WP for 15th Annual Meeting on Socio-Economics, Aix-en-Provence, France.
43. Kosak, S. and Tobin, J., (2006). ‘Funding self-sustaining development: The role of aid, FDI and government in economic success’. International Organization, Vol 60, pp. 205-243.
44. Chauvet L. & Guillaumont P. (2009). ‘Aid, Volatility, and Growth Again: When Aid Volatility Matters and When it Does Not,’ Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(s1), pp. 452-463, 08.
45. Collier, P. and Dollar, D. (2002), ‘Aid Allocation and Poverty Reduction’, European Economic Review, Vol.46 (8), pp. 1475-1500.
46. Burnside C. & Dollar D., (2000). ‘Aid, Policies, and Growth,’ American Economic Review, American Economic Association, Vol. 90(4), pp. 847-868.
47. Easterly, W. (1999). ‘The Ghost of Financing Gap: Testing the Growth Model Used in the International Financial Institutions,’ Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 60(December), pp. 423–38.
48. Nielsen, Rich (2009). ‘Does Aid Follow Need? Humanitarian Motives in Aid Allocation,’ Working Papers, AidData.
49. Mosley, P. (1985). ‘The Political Economy of Foreign Aid: A Model of the Market for a Public Good,’ Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, Vol. 33(2), pp 373-93, January.
50. Faust, J. (2010). ‘Policy Experiments, Democratic Ownership and Development Assistance,’ Development Policy Review, Vol 28, pp 515-534