Dax, Thomas (2005): The redefinition of Europe's Less Favoured Areas.
Download (363kB) | Preview
The support scheme for farming in less-favoured areas, established by the European Union in 1975, marked a major change in the nature of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) by introducing for the first time regional categories. It also represented the initiation of direct annual payments to farmers, an approach which was to expand greatly in the 1990s and thereafter. Over a long period it had remained the only significant structural measure of agricultural policy with a territorial dimension. Only recent policy reforms changed this situation: commodity market support was gradually decreased and, on the other hand, the environmental implications of policy measures were increasingly emphasised. Discussions on the interrelations of the Less-Favoured Areas (LFA) scheme with Agri-Environmental Measures (AEM) and other elements of the Rural Development Programmes (RDP) have been intensified as the political and financial weight of the programmes gained in importance. This paper focuses on the objectives and relevance of the LFA support scheme, its application in the EU and the main elements of the debate for the redefinition of LFA support. From the very beginning, LFA policy was conceived as a structural policy aimed at the prevention of land abandonment, to preserve the farming population in these areas and maintain cultural landscapes. In this regard, the instrument was one of the first measures to address environmentally beneficial farming systems, and thus reveals high coincidence with High Nature Value (HNV) farming systems. The three types of LFA, mountain areas, other LFAs and areas affected by specific handicaps take account of the range of geographical differences in the production difficulties of EU agriculture. The increased focus on environmental aims resulted in a discussion of the ‘intermediate’ areas, the category of other LFAs. It has been proposed that the socio-economic criterion in determining these areas should be dropped, but the aim to maintain land management in marginal areas would be kept. Meanwhile, the decision on the redefinition of the LFAs has been postponed (to 2010). Nevertheless the issue will keep a central role in policy discussions of the future Rural Development Programmes.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The redefinition of Europe's Less Favoured Areas|
|Keywords:||Less-Favoured Areas; Common Agricultural Policy; rural development; mountain areas|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R52 - Land Use and Other Regulations
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
|Depositing User:||Thomas Dax|
|Date Deposited:||08. Nov 2006|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 06:55|
Baldock D, Beaufoy G, Brouwer F, Godeschalk F. (1996), Farming at the Margins, Abandonment or redeployment of agricultural land in Europe. IEEP and LEI-DLO: London and The Hague. Bazin, G. (2003), Principes et resultats de la politique agricole de la montagne en France, Séance de l’Academie d’Agriculture, Paris. Beaufoy G, Baldock D, Clark J. (1994), The Nature of Farming, Low Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries. Institute for European Environmental Policy: London. CEC (1997), Rural Developments, Working document, Brussels. CEC (2004), Proposal for a Council Regulation on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, Extended Impact Assessment, Commission Staff Working Document, COM(2004)490 final, Brussels. Council of the European Union (2005a), Proposal for a Council Regulation on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) – Methodology paper LFA, Working Party on Agricultural Structures and Rural Development, working document (6991/05), 4 March, Brussels. Council of the European Union (2005b), Proposal for a Council Regulation on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) – redefinition of intermediate less-favoured areas, Working Party on Agricultural Structures and Rural Development, working document (7971/05), 15 April, Brussels. Council of the European Union (2005c), Proposal for a Council Regulation on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) – Consolidated text of the Presidency final compromise (in agreement with the Commission), Council Secretariat, document (10352/05), 23 June, Brussels. Crabtree, R. et al. (2003), Review of Area-based Less-Favoured Area Payments Across EU Member States, Report for the Land Use Policy Group of the GB statutory conservation, countryside and environment agencies, CJC Consulting, 71p. Dax T. and Hellegers P. (2000), Policies for Less-Favoured Areas, in: Brouwer F, Lowe P.(eds.): CAP Regimes and the European Countryside, Prospects for Integration between Agricultural, Regional and Environmental Policies. CAB International, Wallingford: 179-197. http://www.cabi.org/bookshop/ReadingRoom/0851993540/3540Ch11.pdf Dax, T. (2004), The impact of EU policies on mountain development in Austria, paper at the Regional Studies Association – International Conference “Europe at the Margins: EU Regional Policy, Peripherality and Rurality”, 15 – 16 April 2004, Angers, France. http://www.regional-studies-assoc.ac.uk/events/presentations04/dax.pdf Dax, T. and Hovorka, G. (2004), Integrated rural development in mountain areas, in: Brouwer, F. (ed.), Sustaining Agriculture and the Rural Environment, Governance, Policy and Multifunctionality, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, USA, pp.124-143. European Commission – EC (2003), Farm structure 1999/2000 survey, Brussels. European Commission – EC (2004), Rural development in the EU, Memo/04/180, 15 July, Brussels. European Court of Auditors (2003), Special Report No 4/2003 concerning rural development: support for less-favoured areas, together with the Commission´s replies. 2003/C 151/01, Luxembourg. Louloudis, L., Vlahos, G. and Theocharopoulos, Y. (2004), The dynamics of local survival in Greek LFAs, in: Brouwer, F. (ed.), Sustaining Agriculture and the Rural Environment, Governance, Policy and Multifunctionality, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, USA, pp.144-1161. Nordregio (2004), Mountain areas in Europe, Analysis of mountain areas in EU Member States, acceding and other European countries, Nordregio Report 2004:1, Stockholm. OECD (1998), Rural amenity in Austria, A case study of cultural landscape, Paris. Shucksmith, M., Thomson, K.J., and Roberts, D. (2005), CAP and the Regions: The Territorial Impact of Common Agricultural Policy, CABI Publishing, Wallingford (UK). Swales, V., Eaton, R., Castan Broto, S., Deane, R., Warmington, B., Parker, S. and Rayment, M. (2004), An assessment of the impacts of hill farming on the economic, environmental and social sustainability of the uplands and more widely, a study for Defra by the Institute for European Environmental Policy, Land Use Consultants and GHK Consulting, London.