Kanaya, Shin and Taylor, Luke (2020): Type I and Type II Error Probabilities in the Courtroom.

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Abstract
Abstract We estimate the likelihood of miscarriages of justice by reframing the problem in the context of misclassified binary choice models. The estimator is based on new nonparametric identification results, for which we provide methods to empirically test the key identifying assumptions and alternative identification schemes for when these checks fail. Blacks are found to have both a higher probability of conviction when innocent and a higher probability of acquittal when guilty, relative to whites. We go on to show that this seemingly contradictory result is, in fact, consistent with a model where both police and judges discriminate against blacks.
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  Type I and Type II Error Probabilities in the Courtroom 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  Miscarriages of justice; Nonparametric identification; misclassification 
Subjects:  C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1  Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C14  Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2  Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C25  Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models ; Discrete Regressors ; Proportions ; Probabilities K  Law and Economics > K1  Basic Areas of Law > K14  Criminal Law K  Law and Economics > K4  Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K41  Litigation Process 
Item ID:  100217 
Depositing User:  Dr. Luke Taylor 
Date Deposited:  11 May 2020 11:33 
Last Modified:  11 May 2020 11:33 
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URI:  https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/100217 