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Les écarts salariaux de genre dans les entreprises au Cameroun

Miamo Wendji, Clovis and Kouhomou, Clemence Zite (2020): Les écarts salariaux de genre dans les entreprises au Cameroun.

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the contribution of firm wage policies to the gender pay gap in Cameroon. A critical review of the literature developed for this purpose shows that this phenomenon is both compensatory and discriminatory. The empirical analysis of the phenomenon made use of data from the survey carried out in 2014 with IDRC support on the performance of firms in SSA and the extension of the decomposition of Juhn et al. (1991) by Meng (2004) for models taking into account the specificities of the workplace. The results show that firm policies reduce the rentability of productive characteristics while making discrimination less sensitive. The effect of discrimination fades as you move up the salary range. The estimated gender pay gap of 0.0937 is mainly related to the distribution of productive characteristics and to firm-specific effects. Our results therefore suggest that policies should be put in place to encourage women to move to jobs that lead to career prospects.

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