Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Growth, the Environment and Keynes: Reflections on Two Heterodox Schools of Thought

Spash, Clive L. and Schandl, Heinz (2009): Growth, the Environment and Keynes: Reflections on Two Heterodox Schools of Thought.

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Abstract

This paper explores the approach of Post Keynesian Economics (PKE) in comparison with ecological economics. While PKE, like all macroeconomics, has failed to address environmental problems it does have many aspects which make compatibility with ecological economics seem feasible. Ecological economics has no specific macroeconomic approach although it has strong implications for economic growth and how this should be controlled, directed and in materials terms limited. We highlight growth as the key area of difference and reflect upon how Keynes himself saw capital accumulation as a means to an end not an end in itself, regarded it as a temporary measure and also was well aware of some of its psychological and social drawbacks.

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