Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Impacts of Jobs Requiring Close Physical Proximity and High Interaction with the Public on U.S. Industry Employment Change During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Gabe, Todd and Florida, Richard (2021): Impacts of Jobs Requiring Close Physical Proximity and High Interaction with the Public on U.S. Industry Employment Change During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

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Abstract

This paper examines the factors affecting U.S. industry employment change in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that the percentage of industry employment in occupations that require close physical proximity has a negative impact on year-over-year employment change in the six months of April through September of 2020, which is likely the result of the shutdown and COVID-related measures to encourage social distancing. The percentage of industry employment in jobs that involve high interaction with the public has a negative impact on year-over-year employment change in April and May—presumably due to measures that prohibited the assembly of large groups—but not in the months of June to September.

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