Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Educational Status of Pakistan: Pre and Post 18th Amendment Scenario

Jamal, Haroon (2021): Educational Status of Pakistan: Pre and Post 18th Amendment Scenario.


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This research empirically evaluates the impact of changes in policy regarding the governance of education system in Pakistan. The Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment Act 2010 has introduced significant changes having direct bearing on the education sector. The devolved system of education, health, and other social sectors because of this amendment, provides strong legislative and financial autonomy to the provinces.

In this context, an attempt is made in this research to analyze the performance of provincial governments in terms of five core indicators of educational achievement before and after this amendment. The household data of Pakistan Social and Living-Standard Measurement surveys are employed to compute educational indicators.

To summarize the status and growth in the indicators of educational achievement, non-compensatory composite indices are developed. The methodology of these indices ensures that all indicators have same importance and a full compensation among them is not allowed.

The results of this exercise broadly indicate comparatively low growth in the composite values of indicators of educational performance during the post Amendment period, especially in Sindh province. Thus, it may be concluded that the devolution should be revisited to remove the obstacles and to improve its implementation.

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