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Learning and Product Innovation Performance in Informal Enterprises: Evidence from Urban Ghana

Avenyo, Elvis Korku (2021): Learning and Product Innovation Performance in Informal Enterprises: Evidence from Urban Ghana.

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Abstract

Recognising that enterprises learn how to produce goods and services in the informal economy, this paper examines the effect of two learning processes (apprenticeship and ‘formal interactions’) on the product innovativeness of informal enterprises in Ghana. Employing unique survey data on 513 enterprises and the Type II Tobit model, our analyses reveal that apprenticeship, on the one hand, enhances the technological capability of enterprises leading to product innovativeness, while competitive formal interactions, on the other hand, provide important market feedback that enhances the innovativeness of enterprises. The paper concludes by discussing the policy implications of these findings.

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