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Impact of Agricultural Factors on Carbon Footprints for GHG Emission Policies in Asia

Jayasooriya, Sujith (2021): Impact of Agricultural Factors on Carbon Footprints for GHG Emission Policies in Asia.

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Climate change becomes one of the most severe problems in the World. Notably, carbon footprints are one of the key factors for climate change. The important question is that how to mitigate climate change by adapting mitigation practices in the agricultural sector in Asia. The rationale for the study is to understand the determining factors for the emission of carbon dioxide in the agricultural sector with robust analysis. In terms of policy perspectives as the main emission gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. This study is only considered the CO2 emissions from the agricultural sector. The data were obtained from the USDA website supplemented by the WDI of the World Bank in 46 Asian countries from 1970 to 2016. The study applied random and fixed effect models in the panel data analysis to predict the factors affecting the CO2 emission in the agricultural sector. Furthermore, the generalized estimation of equations was also applied to avoid the endogeneity issue while obtaining robust estimates. The agricultural factors like feed, fertilizer, labor, livestock, irrigation, and machinery were significant and positive predictors of the carbon footprints. Thus, the management of sustainable agricultural factors to control the CO2 emission can be proposed for the GHG emission policies in the Asian region.

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