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Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Central bank digital currency can lead to the collapse of cryptocurrency

Ozili, Peterson K (2021): Central bank digital currency can lead to the collapse of cryptocurrency. Forthcoming in:

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Abstract

Cryptocurrencies have become popular. Economic agents use cryptocurrency such as bitcoins to make payments and it pose a threat to fiat currency. Central banks have begun to respond to this threat. They realize that they need to join the race to offer a digital currency and dominate the digital currency landscape which can lead to the collapse of most private digital currencies that are not issued by a central bank or a monetary authority. In this paper, I show how the issuance of a central bank digital currency can lead to the collapse of private digital currencies such as bitcoin. I argue that central banks will leverage on their monetary powers, and the trust that citizens have in government-backed money. This may give central banks strong incentives to issue a central bank digital currency. The issuance of a central bank digital currency can erode trust in cryptocurrencies, and lead to lack of trust in cryptocurrency, thereby leading to the collapse of cryptocurrencies although not immediately.

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