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Analyzing The Influence of Students’ Personal Traits and Perceived Course Characteristics On Online Engagement: An Evidence from a Developing Economy

Osama, Osama and Nofil, Muhammad and Sufyan, Muhammad and Tariq, Kiran (2022): Analyzing The Influence of Students’ Personal Traits and Perceived Course Characteristics On Online Engagement: An Evidence from a Developing Economy.

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Abstract

With time, world is shifting towards online approach more and more. Students are used to gain education traditionally by personally going to learning institutes but now they are shifting towards online education. The primary aim of the research is to investigate those factors that influence engagement of student in online education. Most importantly, online learning is a novel concept in developing economies because of lack of resources and awareness, people do not prefer online classes. However, developing countries are gradually moving towards some progressive aspects. Hence, it is necessary to evaluate students’ online engagement. For this purpose, Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) and Technological Acceptance Model (TAM) are used. In this research, the dependent variable is Engagement and independent variables are Communication Competencies, Self-regulation, Attitude towards online education. Sense of Identity and Sense of Presence. In this research, quantitative method is used to investigate concepts to find relationships between variables and forecast results. The correlation research approach is used in this research. A survey was conducted with local students via questionnaire (n=152). For data analysis, SPSS and smart PLS-SEM is used in this research. According to the findings of the study, Communication Competencies, Attitude towards online education and Sense of presence impacts significantly on engagement, while Self-regulation and Sense of Identity impact insignificantly on engagement. we recommend taking quizzes during or at the end of the session would be very helpful.

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