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An Approach for Dairy Buffalo Development through Investment in Genetic Improvement

Soliman, Ibrahim and Bahgat, Basher (2020): An Approach for Dairy Buffalo Development through Investment in Genetic Improvement. Published in: Journal of Buffalo Science No. 9 (September 2020): pp. 181-188.

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Abstract

Dairy products are essential source of animal protein, particularly for nutritional vulnerable groups and vegetarians in Asian countries. Therefore, the approach towards increasing the domestic supply of milk is to raise the buffalo milk yield via genetic improvement from the semen of the selected buffalo sire that possesses a high predicted milk difference. Field sample survey data were used from Artificial Insemination Centers in Egypt, as a case study, to apply a dynamic mathematical investment model for estimating the rate of return (IRR) to genetic investment. The effective variables in IRR, besides the economic variables, are the reproductive traits and feed efficiency. The estimated most probable level of IRR was feasible, i.e. 19.71%. A 10% decrease in the reproductive efficiency variables would decrease the IRR by 7.51%. A decrease in feed efficiency by 10% would decrease the IRR by 9%. A worse change by 10% in the feed costs, price of semen, and milk price would decrease IRR by 7%. To import buffalo sires' semen of high predicted milk difference at moderate prices till establishment a domestic genetic merit is required.

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