Halkos, George and Kitsos, Christos
(2024):
*Measuring uncertainty, transfer entropy and G-causality In Environmental Economics.*

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## Abstract

Human activities have created environmental degradation with the internalization of the resulting externalities having been the main concern for policy makers worldwide. Uncertainty and unconvincing scientific evidence of various biophysical processes are present in many planned environmental policies. An important source of model uncertainty is accounted by entropy with the typical normal distribution being inadequate in such analyses challenging for more sensible approximations. The problems are, from one side the fat tails characteristic in this area and on the other side what probability density function (pdf) to be chosen. The choice of the appropriate probability model describing the phenomenon that is the pdf is a main priority in any decision making planning. Here we pay attention on the entropy and even more on the transfer entropy in Environmental Economics and the existing underlying uncertainty based on the probability theory. We show that the γ-order Generalized Normal distribution covers both requests, due the "International constant" (γ/(γ-1))**(γ/(γ-1)), leading to a number of pdf, and the Logarithm Sobolev Inequalities (LSI), which provide a solid background.

Item Type: | MPRA Paper |
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Original Title: | Measuring uncertainty, transfer entropy and G-causality In Environmental Economics |

Language: | English |

Keywords: | Uncertainty; Environmental Economics; transfer entropy; G-causality. |

Subjects: | C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C00 - General C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C46 - Specific Distributions ; Specific Statistics Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q50 - General Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development ; Environment and Trade ; Sustainability ; Environmental Accounts and Accounting ; Environmental Equity ; Population Growth Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q58 - Government Policy |

Item ID: | 121764 |

Depositing User: | G.E. Halkos |

Date Deposited: | 19 Aug 2024 13:40 |

Last Modified: | 19 Aug 2024 13:40 |

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URI: | https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/id/eprint/121764 |