Skokan, Karel (2007): The Role of Clusters in the Regional Policy of the Czech Republic. Published in: Conference Proceedings. 2nd Central European Conference in Regional Science (10. October 2007): pp. 955-962.
Download (120kB) | Preview
Regional, industry, innovative and knowledge-based clusters have become popular and important policy tools to boost economic development and competitiveness at regional level. The expectations of their role is still growing as it can be seen in the statements of official documents of European Union concerning social and economic cohesion or competitiveness and innovation programmes and also in many national and regional strategic documents of member states. The cluster development dilemma appeared in many CEE countries. On the one hand clusters are business or industry driven, on the other hand the cluster initiatives for starting cluster-based policies are mostly public sector driven. The public sector has in the past often tried to develop clusters directly. Now it appears that its role may prove more effective in providing the infrastructure on which clusters can grow. The Czech Republic adopted the comprehensive approach to cluster-based policies which are incorporated in different national and regional strategies focused not only to regional development but to business and innovation support as well. The analysis of cluster-based interventions in different types of strategic documents is presented in the paper.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Role of Clusters in the Regional Policy of the Czech Republic|
|Keywords:||Regional policy, cluster, innovation, strategy|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
|Depositing User:||Karel Skokan|
|Date Deposited:||25. Dec 2008 02:38|
|Last Modified:||03. Jun 2015 11:43|
 BACHTLER, J., YUILL, D. Policies and strategies for regional development: A shift in paradigm? Regional and Industrial Policy Research Paper. No 46. Glasgow: EPRC, University of Strathclyde, 2001.
 Porter, M. Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business review, November-December 1998, 77-90.
 COUNCIL DECISION of 6 October 2006 on Community strategic guidelines on cohesion (2006/702/EC). OJ EU, L291/11.
 Rumpel, P. Inovativní koncepty v socioekonomickém rozvoji územních jednotek. Sborník příspěvků. Mezinárodní pracovní seminář 25-26.5.2005, Ostrava. Ostrava: Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě, 2005. ISBN 80- 7368-261-3.
 Regional Development Strategy of the Czech Republic 2007-2013. Prague: Ministry for Regional Development, 2006.
 National Strategic Reference Framework of the Czech Republic for 2007-2013. Version 5. Prague: Ministry for Regional Development, 2006.
 Development programme CLUSTERS, CzechInvest, [cit. 25.9.2007], http://www.klastr.cz.