Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Romanian banking system evolution and Basel II requirements

Nicolau, Mihaela (2006): Romanian banking system evolution and Basel II requirements. Published in: The Annals of Dunarea de Jos University of Galati No. 12 (December 2006): pp. 95-102.

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Before 1989 Romanian banking system was structured in the specific way of a centralized economy. Restructuring the banking system took its first step at the end of 1990 when the newly established commercial bank Banca Comerciala Romana (BCR) took over retail operations performed previously by the National Bank of Romania (NBR). Simultaneously some privately-owned banking companies were established and foreign banks' branches were integrated into the domestic banking activity. The unfriendly economic environment, the poor quality of bank managers and shareholders and cumbersome legal procedures led to an increase in tensions, the poor quality of credit portfolio representing the major difficulty of the banking sector. In the past years, NBR tried to control more the banking activity by implementing international settlements. More over, since Romania will be one of the European Union countries, it is absolutely necessary the harmonization of entire economic and financial system to EU regulations. The paper try to present the position of Romanian banking system in the framework of all these information.

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