Faridi, Muhammad Zahir and Chaudhry, Imran Sharif and Anwar, Mumtaz (2009): The Socio-Economic and Demographic Determinants of Women Work Participation in Pakistan: Evidence from Bahawalpur District. Published in: South Asian Studies , Vol. 24, No. 2 (1. July 2009): pp. 353-369.
Download (120kB) | Preview
The analysis of labour market participation is useful for formulating employment and human resource development policies. Females form almost more than half of the total population in Pakistan play a very important role in the country. The present study endeavors to estimate the various factors which affect the women work participation. The study is based on the cross-section data collected through field survey. The logistic regression technique is employed to estimate the determinants of female labour force participation. Educational attainment levels turn out to be very significant determinant. Female’s labour force participation rises with increasing level of education. Presence of children in early age groups reduces the female labour force participation. The results of the study conclude that female education is necessary for better employment opportunities.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Socio-Economic and Demographic Determinants of Women Work Participation in Pakistan: Evidence from Bahawalpur District|
|Keywords:||Female labor force participation; Female education; Household Income; Family Dependents; Marital Status; Children; Logit Model; Pakistan|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C23 - Panel Data Models ; Spatio-temporal Models
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J8 - Labor Standards: National and International > J82 - Labor Force Composition
|Depositing User:||Mumtaz Anwar|
|Date Deposited:||25. May 2010 01:09|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 19:59|
Aly, Y. H., and I. A. Quisi (1996), “Determinants of Women Labour Force Participation in Kuwait: A Logit Analysis”, The Middle East Business and Economic Review 8:2.
Assad Ragui, Fatma and Akter (2000), The determinants of employment status in Egypt, FCND Discussion paper no. 88.
Azid, T., Aslam, M. and Chaudary, M. O. (2001), “Poverty, Female Labour Force Participation, and Cottage Industry: A case study of cloth embroidery in Rural Multan”, The Pakistan Development Review, 40:4, p 1105-1118.
Becker, G. S. (1965), “A theory of the Allocation of Time”, The Economic Journal, 75 (299): 493-517.
Chaudhry, Imran Sharif and Nosheen, Farhana (2009), “The Determinants of Women Empowerment in Southern Punjab (Pakistan): An Empirical Analysis” European Journal of Social Sciences, 10(2): 216-229.
Chishti, S., A. Lodhi and S. Rashid (1989), “Female Labor Participation Behavior: A Case Study of Karachi”, Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, 8(2): 157-165. Govt. of Pakistan (2006-07), Economic Survey of Pakistan.
Gronaue, R. (1977), “Leisure, Home Production and Work- The Theory of the allocation of Time Revisited”, The Journal of Political Economy Vol. 85, No. 6 (Dec), pp, 1099-1124. South Asian Studies 24 (2) 369
Hafeez. A., and Eatzaz Ahmed (2002), “Factors determining the labour force Participation decision of Education Married Women in Pakistan”, Sustainable Development Policy Institute. (Working Paper Series No. 174.)
Heckman, J. J. (1980), “Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error. In James P. Smith (ed.) Female Labour Supply”, Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press. 206-248.
Killingworth, M. R., and J. J. Heckman (1986), “Female labour Supply: A Survey Chapter 2. In Orley Ashenfelter and Richard Laynard (eds. )”, Handbook of Labour Economics Vol. 1. New York: Elsevier Science Publishers. B.V. 103-204.
Kozel, V., and H. Alderman (1990), “Factors Determining Work Participation and Labour Supply Decisions in Pakistan’s Urban Area”, The Pakistan Development Review, 29:1, 1-18. Malik, et al. (1994), “Determining of women time allocation in selected districts of rural Pakistan”, The Pakistan Development Review, 33:4.
Mincer, J. (1962), “Labour Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labour Supply. In H. G. Lowis (ed.) Aspects of Labour Economics”, Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press. 63-97.
Naqvi Zareen F. and Lubna Shahnaz (2002), “How do women decide to work in Pakistan?” The Pakistan Development Review, 41(4), Part II: 495-513.
Psacharopoulos, G. and Z. Tzannatos (1991), “Female Labour Force Participation and Education, in G. Psacharopoulos (ed.)”, Essay on Poverty, Equity and Growth, Oxford: Pergamon Press for the World Bank.
Shah, N. M. (1986), “Change in Female’s Role in Pakistan: Are the volume and Pace Adequate?”, The Pakistan Development Review 25:3, 339-363.
Shah, N. M. (1986), “Changes in Women role in Pakistan: Are the volume and pace adequate?”, The Pakistan Development Review 25:3
Shah, Nasra M., N. Abbasi And I. Alam (1976). Inter-District and Inter-Provisional Differentials in Correlates of Female Labor Force Participation, the Pakistan Development Review, 15(4): 424-445.
Tansel, A. (1996), “Self-Employment, Wage Employment and Returns to Education for Urban Men and Women in Turkey in T. Bulutay (eds)”, Education and the Labour Market in Turkey, Ankara: State Institute of Statistics Publication.