Mishra, SK (2010): An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Deception and Telling Lies.
Download (146kB) | Preview
A lie is an expression at deviance with the truth known or honestly believed by someone with an intention to deceive others for certain purpose, social or personal. An ability to lie might be evolutionary in nature possibly to help in survival, since it is found in the non-human world also. In the biological perspective, each individual is at war against all others. Thus viewed, lies are the cardinal virtues for survival and, by implication, the carriers of evolution. In the human world, lying is morally blameworthy in a relatively un-obscure way. There may be cases of lying to which it may be difficult to take up a definite moral attitude. Certain types of lies might be morally acceptable and socially beneficial since they may block the otherwise (most damaging) global optimum solution of a negative sum game, while other types of lies are ethically and socially deplorable as they might block the optimal solution of a cooperative game. This must be judged pragmatically with the overall social welfare that they entail or produce.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Deception and Telling Lies|
|Keywords:||Lies; morality; economics of lies; Taxonomy; survival; evolution; information asymmetry; gender and lies|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A13 - Relation of Economics to Social Values
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D83 - Search ; Learning ; Information and Knowledge ; Communication ; Belief ; Unawareness
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C7 - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory > C70 - General
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D82 - Asymmetric and Private Information ; Mechanism Design
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Sudhanshu Kumar Mishra|
|Date Deposited:||28. May 2010 05:57|
|Last Modified:||30. Dec 2015 22:50|
Augustine, St. (1952) "On Lying" and "Against Lying", in R. J. Deferrari, ed., Treatises on Various Subjects, Catholic Univ. Press, New York.
Barnes, J.A. (1994) A pack of lies: towards a sociology of lying, Cambridge University Press.
De Paulo, B.M., Kirkendall, S.E., Deborah A., Wyer, M.M., and Epstein, J.A. (1996) "Lying in everyday life", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5): 979-995.
Dixon, S. (2010) “Men tell more lies than women, research shows”, Express.co.uk, visited May 24. 2010 at http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/175754/Men-tell-more-lies-than-women-research-shows
Eck, M. (1970) Lies and Truth, Macmillan, London.
Feldman, R.S., Forrest, J.A. and Happ, B.R. (2002) “Self-Presentation and Verbal Deception: Do Self-Presenters Lie More?”, Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 24(2): 163–170.
Forsberg, C. R. Jr. (2008) “Lying for a good purpose: Book of Mormon Apologetics over the years”, The 2008 International Conference Twenty Years and More: Research into Minority Religions, New Religious Movements and 'the New Spirituality' at London School of Economics, 16–20th April 2008.
Giles, L. (2005). The Art of War by Sun Tzu - Special Edition. El Paso Norte Press. Also available at http://classics.mit.edu/Tzu/artwar.1b.txt
Grant, R.W. (1997) Hypocrisy and Integrity: Machiavelli, Rousseau, and the Ethics of Politics, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Hobbes, T. (1651) The Levathan, Project Gutenberg, available on http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/3207
James, W. (1896) ‘The will to believe”, Philosophical Clubs of Yale and Brown Universities. Published in the New World, available at http://falcon.jmu.edu/~omearawm/ph101willtobelieve.html
Kautilya,Vishnugupta (1958) Arthashastra, Sanskrti Sansthana, Khwaza Kutub, Ved Nagar, Baraili.
Laffont, J.J. and Tirole, J. (1991) “The Politics of Government Decision-Making: A Theory of Regulatory Capture”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(4): 1088-1127.
Laffont, J.J. and Tirole, J. (1993): A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation. MIT Press, Cambridge, London.
Malpas, J. (2008) “Truth, lies, and deceit: on ethics in contemporary public life”, International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 22(1):1-12.
Marriott, W.K. (2006) The Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli, English translation, Project Gutenberg, available at http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1232
Miri, M. (1974) “Self-deception”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 34(4): 576-585.
Nietzsche, F. W. (1873) On Truth and Lie in the Extra-Moral Sense, Fragment: from the Nachlass. translations by Walter Kaufmann and Daniel Breazeale. http://www.pdfgeni.com/book/On-Truth-and-Lie-in-an-Extra-Moral-Sense-pdf.html
Nietzsche, F. W. (1878) Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, English translation: Human, All Too Human, available at http://rapidshare.com/files/108694155/Nietzsche_-_Human__all_too_human.pdf
Nietzsche, F. W. (1968) The Will To Power, Vintage Books, New York.
Thomas, G. K. (1987) “The Book of Mormon in the English literary context of 1837”, Brigham Young University Studies, XXCII(1): 37-45.
Trivers, R. (2002) Natural Selection and Social Theory: Selected Papers of Robert Trivers. Oxford University Press.
Tulsidas, Goswami (2002) Rāma Charita Mānas, Gita Press, Gorakhapur.
Vyasa, Veda (2001) The Mahābhārata, Gita Press, Gorakhapur.
Williams, D.L. (2009) Noble and Nefarious Lies: Deception in Western Political Thought, available at http://www.polisci.umn.edu/centers/theory/pdf/Williams--Platos_Noble_Lie.pdf
Zagorin, P. (1996) “The historical significance of lying and dissimilation. (Truth-telling, lying and self-deception)”, available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2267/is_n3_v63/ai_18888995/ Social Research, 63(3), September 22.