Oesch, Daniel (2010): Explaining union growth and decline with flows in and out of membership. An analysis of Swiss union locals.
Download (150kB) | Preview
This paper enquires into the causes of union growth and decline by analysing flows in and out of membership. It does so at the level of 70 Swiss union locals over the period 2006-08. Gross flows in union membership are found to be much larger than the resulting net changes: turnover of annually 10 per cent thus is a surprisingly constant feature across unions. Net changes in membership are primarily determined by inflows: successful union locals differ from languishing ones with respect to their entry rates, whereas exit rates are similar. There is large variance in union locals’ entry rates that is not accounted for by the labour market context. Rather, it seems attributable to differences in union organization and strategy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Explaining union growth and decline with flows in and out of membership. An analysis of Swiss union locals|
|Keywords:||trade unions; membership; strategic choice; turnover; recruitment|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining > J51 - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers > J63 - Turnover ; Vacancies ; Layoffs
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
|Depositing User:||Daniel Oesch|
|Date Deposited:||11. Aug 2010 15:50|
|Last Modified:||14. Mar 2015 13:52|
Baccaro, L., Hamann, K. and Turner, L. (2003). The Politics of Labour Movement Revitalization: The Need for a Revitalized Perspective, European Journal of Industrial Relations 9 (1): 119-133.
Breen, R. (2005). Explaining cross-national variation in youth unemployment, European Sociological Review 21 (2): 125-134.
Checchi, D. and Visser J. (2005). Pattern Persistence in European Trade Union Density. A longitudinal analysis 1950-1996, European Sociological Review 21 (1): 1-21.
Ebbinghaus, B. and Visser, J. (1999). When institutions matter. Union growth and decline in Western Europe, 1950-1995, European Sociological Review 15 (2): 135-158.
Elias, P. (1996). Growth and decline in trade union membership in Great Britain: Evidence from work histories, in: D. Gallie, R. Penn and M. Rose (eds.) Trade Unionism in Recession, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Freeman, R. (1988). Contraction and expansion: the divergence of private sector and public sector unionism in the United States, Journal of Economic Perspectives 2 (2): 63-88.
Frege, C. and Kelly, J. (2003). Union Revitalization Strategies in Comparative Perspective, European Journal of Industrial Relations 9 (1): 7-24.
Frege, C. and Kelly, J. (2004). Union Strategies in Comparative Context, in: Frege, C. and Kelly, J. (eds), Varieties of Unionism: Strategies for Union Revitalization in a Globalizing Economy, pp. 31–44. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gallie, D. (1996). Trade union allegiance and decline in British urban labour markets, in: D. Gallie, R. Penn, and M. Rose (eds.) Trade Unionism in Recession, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Goldstein, J. (1952). The Government of British Trade Unions. A Study of Apathy and the Democratic Process in the Transport and General Workers' Union, London: George Allen and Unwin.
Hancké, B. (1993). Trade union membership in Europe, 1960-1990: Rediscovering local unions, British Journal of Industrial Relations 31 (4): 593-613.
Heery, E. (2002). Partnership versus organising: alternative futures for British trade unionism, Industrial Relations Journal 33 (1): 20-35.
Jódar, P., Alós, R. and Vidal, S. (2009). Por qué los afiliados al sindicato se dan de baja. Un estudio de la desafiliación a partir de CCOO de Cataluña, Sociología del Trabajo 65: 31-52.
Kelly, J. and Heery, E. (1989). Full-time officers and trade union recruitment, British Journal of Industrial Relations 27 (2): 196-213.
Kitschelt, H. (1994). The Transformation of European Social Democracy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Peetz, D. (1998). Unions in a Contrary World: The Future of the Australian Trade Union Movement, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.
Oesch, D. (2008). Organisationen im Umbruch: Die Gewerkschaften in der Schweiz von 1990 bis 2006, in: Rieger, A., Ambrosetti, R. and Beck, R. (eds), Gewerkschaften im Umbruch. Eine Analyse der Fusion zur Grossgewerkschaft Unia, Zürich: Rüegger.
Oesch, D. (2010). Swiss trade unions and industrial relations after 1990: a history of decline and renewal, in: Trampusch, C. and Mach, A. (eds.), Switzerland in Europe. Continuity and Change in the Swiss Political Economy, London: Routledge.
Scharpf, F. (1991). Crisis and Choice in European Social Democracy, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Schnabel, C. (2003). Determinants of trade union membership, in: Addison, J. and Schnabel, C. (eds) International Handbook of Trade Unions, pp. 13-43, Cheltenham.
Schnabel, C. and Wagner, J. (2005). Determinants of trade union membership in West Germany: evidence from micro data, 1980-2000, Socio-Economic Review 3 (1): 1-24.
Schnabel, C. and Wagner, J. (2008). The Aging of the Unions in West Germany, 1980–2006, IZA-Discussion Paper No. 3661.
Towers, B. (1997). The Representation Gap: Change and Reform in the British and American Workplace, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Undy, R., Ellis, V., McCarthy, W. and Halmos, A. (1981). Change in Trade Unions: The Development of UK Unions since 1960, London: Hutchinson.
Van Ours, J.-C. (1991). Union growth in the Netherlands 1961-1989, Research Memorandum 1991-33, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie, Free University of Amsterdam.
Vaona, A. (2008). The duration of union membership in Italy: a research note, Industrial Relations 47 (2): 260-265.
Visser, J. (2002). Why Fewer Workers Join Unions in Europe: A Social Custom Explanation of Membership Trends, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 40 (3): 403-430.
Waddington, J. (2006). ‘Why Do Members Leave? The Importance of Retention to Trade Union Growth’, Labor Studies Journal 31 (3): 15-38.
Waddington, J. and Kerr, A. (1999). ‘Trying to stem the flow: Union membership turnover in the public sector’, Industrial Relations Journal 30 (3): 184-196.
Waddington, J. and Whitston, C. (1997). ‘Why do People Join Unions in a Period of Membership Decline?’, British Journal of Industrial Relations 35 (4): 515-546.
Western, B. (1995). ‘A Comparative Study of Working-Class Disorganization: Union Decline in Eighteen Advanced Capitalist Countries’, American Sociological Review 60 (2): 179-201.
Windolf, P. and Haas, J. (1989), ‘Who joins the union? Determinants of trade union membership in West Germany 1976-1984’, European Sociological Review 5 (2): 147-165.