Cohen, Joseph N (2010): Neoliberalism’s relationship with economic growth in the developing world: Was it the power of the market or the resolution of financial crisis?
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This article examines the relationship between "economic freedom" and economic growth. Previous studies have found a positive relationship between economic growth rates and "economic freedom", and used this relationship as a basis for arguing that more liberal economic policies promote development. "Economic freedom" conflates laissez-faire policy with other important concepts, like good governance and macroeconomic stability. When laissez-faire is parsed from these other concepts, it shows no positive relationship with growth outside of the early-1990s, a period in which financially-strained developing governments and financial systems enjoyed debt bailouts in exchange for liberalization reforms. Further analysis shows that laissez-faire exerts no discernible effect on economic growth net of the debt relief, inflation containment and improved inward investment that occurred after the Cold War. I argue that free market capitalism itself may not have promoted economic development in the post-Cold War era. Instead, free market reforms occurred alongside domestic and international political developments that helped developing countries resolve a serious financial crises, and that the resolution of these crises were most important in explaining the comparative prosperity of the 1990s and 2000s.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Neoliberalism’s relationship with economic growth in the developing world: Was it the power of the market or the resolution of financial crisis?|
|Keywords:||economic freedom; neoliberalism; laissez faire; periodicity; economic growth; economic development; capitalism|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P1 - Capitalist Systems > P11 - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
P - Economic Systems > P1 - Capitalist Systems > P17 - Performance and Prospects
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy > O21 - Planning Models ; Planning Policy
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook > E61 - Policy Objectives ; Policy Designs and Consistency ; Policy Coordination
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
|Depositing User:||Joseph N. Cohen|
|Date Deposited:||12. Aug 2010 21:14|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 22:58|
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