Grady, Patrick (2008): Is Canadian Immigration too high? A Labour Market and Productivity Perspective. Published in: The Effects of Mass Immigration on Canadian Living Standards and Society, ed. Herbert Grubel, Fraser Institute : pp. 97-117.
Download (117kB) | Preview
This paper presents some of the economic considerations that should underlie Canadian immigration policy from the point of view of an economist. It then reviews the available data on the performance of recent immigrants against this backdrop. It also offers some observations on the changes in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act contained in Bill C-50, the Budget Implementation Act, 2008. Finally, it concludes with some suggestions for the conduct of an immigration policy that would be based more on Canada’s economic interests and that would establish a lower annual target for immigration more consistent with Canada’s absorptive capacity.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Is Canadian Immigration too high? A Labour Market and Productivity Perspective|
|Keywords:||Canadian immigration; labour market performance of recent immigrants|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility ; Immigrant Workers
|Depositing User:||Patrick Grady|
|Date Deposited:||21. Sep 2010 13:48|
|Last Modified:||31. Dec 2015 14:07|
Aydemir, Abdurrahman and George J. Borjas (2006). “A Comparative Analysis of the Labor Market Impact of International Migration: Canada, Mexico, and the United States,” NBER Working Paper No. 12327, June.
Aydemir, Abdurrahman and Mikal Skuterud (2005) “Explaining the deteriorating entry earnings of Canada's immigrant cohorts, 1966 - 2000,” Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 38, No.2, pp.641-672.
Bonikowska, Aneta, David A. Green and W. Craig Riddell (2006) “Cognitive Skills and Immigrant Earnings,” paper presented at Canadian Economics Association Annual Meeting in Montreal, May 26, 2006.
Borjas, George J. (2003) “The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, November, pp. 1335-1374.
Card, David (2005) “Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?” NBER Working Paper No. 11547, August.
Coulombe, Serge and Jean-François Tremblay (2006) “Migration, Human Capital and Skill Redistribution Across Canadian Provinces,” SRI Working Paper Series, No. 2006 D-07.
Gilmore, Jason (2008a) “The Canadian Immigrant Labour Market in 2007,” Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 71-606-X20008003.
Gilmore, Jason (2008b) “The Canadian Immigrant Labour Market in 2006: Analysis by Region or Country of Birth,” Catalogue no. 71-606-X2008002.
Grady, Patrick (2006) “The Poor Labour Market Performance of Recent Cohorts of Immigrants Has Lowered Productivity Growth,” February 9. www.global-economics.ca\immigrationproductivity.htm.
Grondin, Chantal (2005) “Knowledge of Official Languages Among New Immigrants: How Important Is It in the Labour Market?” Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 89-624-XWE.
Hawthorne, Lesleyanne (2008) “The Impact of Economic Selection Policy on Labour Market Outcomes for Degree-Qualified Migrants in Canada and Australia,” IRPP Choices, Vol. 14, No. 5, May.
Hou, Feng and Garnett Picot (2004) "Visible Minority Neighbourhoods in Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver," Canadian Social Trends, No. 72, spring 2004, pp.8-13.
Picot, Garnett and Arthur Sweetman (2005) “The Deteriorating Economic Welfare of Immigrants and Possible Causes: Update 2005,” Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 11F0019MIE2005262.
Picot, Garnett, and Feng Hou (2003) “The Rise in Low-Income Rates among Immigrants in Canada,” Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE20052622003198.
Picot, Garnet, Feng Hou and Serge Coulombe (2007) “Chronic Low-Income and Low-Income Dynamics Among Recent Immigrants,” Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 11F0019MIE2007198.
Putnam, Robert D. (2007) “E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the 21st Century,” The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture, Scandinavian Political Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 137-174.
Rao, Someshwar, Jianmin Tang and Weimin Wang (2003) “Canada's Recent Productivity Record and Capital Accumulation,” International Productivity Monitor, Vol. 7, pp.24-38.
Schaafsma, Joseph and Arthur Sweetman (2001) “Immigrant Earnings: Age at Immigration Matters,” Canadian Journal of Economics, 34(4), pp.1066-99.
Statistics Canada (2008a) “Canada’s Changing Labour Force, 2006 Census,” Catalogue no. 97-559-X.
Statistics Canada (2008b) “Earnings and Incomes of Canadians Over the Past Quarter Century, 2006 Census,” Catalogue no. 97-563-X.
Statistics Canada (2003) “The Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada,” Catalogue no. 89-615-XIE.
Sweetman, Arthur (2004) “Immigrant Source Country Educational Quality and Canadian Labour Market Outcomes, Statistics Canada, Catalogue no.11F00119MIE20004234.
Thompson, E. and C. Worswick (2004) “Canadian Research on Immigration and the Labour Market,” Human Resources and Social Development Canada.