Fofana, Ismael and Parra, Juan Carlos and Wodon, Quentin (2009): Exports and labor income by gender: a social accounting matrix analysis for Senegal. Published in: Gender aspects of the trade and poverty nexus, World Bank, Washington DC (edited by Maurizio Bussolo and Rafael de Hoyos) (2009): pp. 81-110.
Download (312kB) | Preview
Higher incomes for women can have significant beneficial impacts for poverty reduction both in the short run by providing more resources to households and in the long run by increasing investments in the human capital of children. While substantial research has been done using microeconomic household survey data on gender disparities in labor incomes in developing countries, these studies may not necessarily provide insights on how broad structural shifts in an economy could affect differently opportunities for work and income generation for men and women. In this paper, we use a recent Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Senegal to assess how growth in various sectors of the economy, and especially in exports from tourism, could affect the incomes of women and men both directly and indirectly through multiplier effects. We find that a tourism export boom could lead to increase not only in the level of income of Senegalese women, but also in their share of total labor income in the economy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Exports and labor income by gender: a social accounting matrix analysis for Senegal|
|Keywords:||Input-output analysis; Senegal; Gender; Tourism|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D57 - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C67 - Input-Output Models
|Depositing User:||Quentin Wodon|
|Date Deposited:||29. Jan 2011 13:26|
|Last Modified:||01. Jan 2016 12:25|
Appleton, S., J. Hoddinott, and P. Krishnan. 1999. “The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 47 (2): 289–312.
Blackden C. M., and Q. Wodon. 2006. “Gender, Time Use and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa.” World Bank Working Paper 73, Washington, DC.
Brilleau A., F. Roubaud, and C. Torelli. 2004. “Employment, Unemployment and Activity Conditions in the Principal Towns in Seven UEMOA Countries: First Results of the 1-2-3 Survey, Phase 1 2001–2002.” Document de Travail DT-2004-06, Développment, Institutions et Analyses de Long Terme (DIAL), Paris.
Bussolo, M., R. de Hoyos, and Q. Wodon. 2009. “Higher Prices of Export Crops, Intra-Household Inequality and Human Capital Accumulation in Senegal.” In World Bank, Washington, DC.
Defourney, J., and E. Thorbecke. 1984. “Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework.” Economic Journal 94 (373): 111–36.
Hoddinott J., and L. Haddad. 1995. “Does Female Income Share Influence Household Expenditures ? Evidence from the Côte d’Ivoire.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 57 (1): 77–96
Lewis, B., and E. Thorbecke. 1992. “District-Level Economic Linkages in Kenya: Evidence Based on a Small Regional Social Accounting Matrix.” World Development 20(6): 881-97.
Ndoye, D., F. Adoho, P. Backiny-Yetna, M. Fall, P. Thiecouta Ndiane, and Q. Wodon. 2008. Tendances et déterminants de la pauvreté au Sénégal de 1994 à 2006. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Nganou, J.P, Parra, J. C., and Q. Wodon. 2009. “Oil price shocks, poverty and gender: A Social Accounting Matrix Analysis for Kenya”, in Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus, eds, Bussolo, M., and Rafael de Hoyos, Washington, DC. World Bank.
Parra, J. C., and Q. Wodon. 2010. “SimSIP SAM: Policy Analysis under a SAM Framework.” World Bank, DDVE, Washington, DC.
Pyatt, G., and J. Round. 1979. “Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework.” Economic Journal 89 (356): 850–73.
Thorbecke, E., and H-S. Jung. 1996. “A Multiplier Decomposition Method to Analyze Poverty Alleviation.” Journal of Development Economics 48 (2): 279–300.
Weichselbaumer, D., and R. Winter-Ebmer. 2005. “A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap.” Journal of Economic Surveys 19 (3): 479–511.