Evers, Hans-Dieter (2011): Penang as a knowledge hub. Published in: Penang Economic Monthly , Vol. 6, No. 11 (1. June 2011): pp. 36-38.
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Malaysian development strategies since independence, again in the 10th Malaysia Plan 2010 have emphasized the development of industrial clusters, like the Penang free trade zone and the MSC. Malaysia has two strong knowledge clusters: the Klang valley with KL and the MSC, Penang State and a number of smaller clusters. A calculation of the density of knowledge institutions and knowledge personnel show the epistemic landscape of Malaysia. A preliminary study of Penang reveals that the epistemic landscape is fragmented. There are several areas with a high density of knowledge institutions and knowledge workers, which however do not necessarily overlap with industrial clusters. These imbalances need to be corrected to ensure a safe passage towards a knowledge-based economy and society.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Penang as a knowledge hub|
|Keywords:||Malaysia; Penang; knowledge clusters; knowledge economy; development strategy|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A14 - Sociology of Economics
|Depositing User:||Prof. Dr. Hans-Dieter Evers|
|Date Deposited:||22. Jun 2011 12:22|
|Last Modified:||31. Dec 2015 19:49|
Evers, Hans-Dieter, Solvay Gerke, and Thomas Menkhoff. "Knowledge Clusters and Knowledge Hubs: Designing Epistemic Landscapes for Development." Journal of Knowledge Management 14, 2010