González-Val, Rafael and Marcén, Miriam (2011): Unilateral divorce vs. child custody and child support in the U.S.
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This paper explores the response of the divorce rate to law reforms introducing unilateral divorce after controlling for law reforms concerning the aftermath of divorce, which are omitted from most previous studies. We introduce two main policy changes that have swept the US since the late 1970s: the approval of the joint custody regime and the Child Support Enforcement program. Because those reforms affect divorce decisions by counteracting the reallocation of property rights generated by the unilateral divorce procedure and by increasing the expected financial costs of divorce, it is arguable that their omissions might obscure the impact of unilateral divorce reforms on divorce rates. After allowing for changes in laws concerning the aftermath of divorce, we find that the positive impact of unilateral divorce reforms on divorce rates does not vanish over time, suggesting that the Coase theorem may not apply to changes in divorce laws. Supplemental analysis, developed to examine the frequency of permanent shocks in US divorce rates, indicates that the positive permanent changes in divorce rates can be associated with the implementation of unilateral divorce reforms and that the negative permanent changes can be related to the law reforms concerning living arrangements in the aftermath of divorce. This seems to confirm the important role of these policies in the evolution of divorce rates.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Unilateral divorce vs. child custody and child support in the U.S.|
|Keywords:||Divorce rate; child support; joint custody; unilateral divorce; unit root; structural break|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C12 - Hypothesis Testing: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C22 - Time-Series Models ; Dynamic Quantile Regressions ; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models ; Diffusion Processes
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage ; Marital Dissolution ; Family Structure ; Domestic Abuse
K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K36 - Family and Personal Law
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J18 - Public Policy
|Depositing User:||Rafael González-Val|
|Date Deposited:||13. Aug 2011 07:13|
|Last Modified:||15. Mar 2015 08:15|
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