Munich Personal RePEc Archive


Yukawa, Shiho and Arita, Yuki (2012): 仕事満足度に関するジェンダー間パラドックス.

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Previous studies found that although women have disadvantages in terms of wage and working conditions in labor markets, they derive more satisfaction from work than men do. This is called the “gender–job satisfaction paradox.” In this paper, we use a data set composed of company personnel data and employee survey data to examine whether such a paradox exists in Japan. In addition, we use the Oaxaca-Ransom decomposition technique to reveal the main factors contributing to this paradox. We use two measures of job satisfaction. One is overall job satisfaction, a comprehensive measure that determines employees’ overall level of satisfaction with their jobs. The other is treatment job satisfaction, a measure that considers job treatments such as wage, working hours, and job description. We found a gender–job satisfaction paradox in treatment job satisfaction. We also identified satisfaction with job responsibilities and the constant term as the main factors contributing to this paradox.

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