Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Soft budget constraint and the parastatal sector

Vahabi, Mehrdad (2011): Soft budget constraint and the parastatal sector.


Download (208kB) | Preview


This paper explores the relevance of soft budget constraints (SBC) to development studies by examining the parastatal sector. The political ingredient of the SBC is discussed by focusing on two examples: 1) religious and military foundations in Iran; and 2) Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. It presents two main findings. First, the SBC of the parastatal sector can be understood as the political economy of a predator state or state’s rent-seeking activity. Second, the state sector is more prone to the SBC compared with a decentralized competitive market, but it might be subject to a harder budget constraint in comparison with the parastatal sector.

MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.