Vincze, Szilvia and Harsányi, Gergely (2012): Hungarian higher education and its international comparison. Published in: Crisis Aftermath: Economic policy changes in the EU and its Member States, Conference Proceedings, Szeged, University of Szeged , Vol. ISBN 9, (2012): pp. 496-513.
Download (1MB) | Preview
In the Széll Kálmán Plan the government committed itself to transform the higher education system; this change is necessary and actual.
Reduction of neither the state-controlled higher education institutions, nor the number of students participating in higher education is justified: in an international comparison the number of Hungarian state-controlled institutions is significantly below the European average; in terms of the number of state financed students per one million inhabitants our arrears is considerable compared both to the surrounding and to the European developed countries. Number of people graduated in higher education in Hungary is below the OECD and UE19 average. In terms of higher education expenditures Hungary is amongst the last countries. However, government investments into higher education return significantly; Hungary is within the leading group in terms of this index. While rate of employment in basic and secondary education is below the average of OECD and EU19, our index in higher education is average or even above that. In the case of an employee with a higher education qualification the increased tax incomes mean approximately 20 million Ft additional income as compared to the case of a physical employee.
Education directly defines the development path of a country; therefore it is extremely important for trends of modification to be professionally established and to serve growth.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Hungarian higher education and its international comparison|
|Keywords:||higher education; return; economic and social benefit|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I23 - Higher Education ; Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I28 - Government Policy
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I22 - Educational Finance ; Financial Aid
|Depositing User:||Beata Farkas|
|Date Deposited:||06. Aug 2012 13:56|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 19:01|
Act on the National Budget (2000-2009): Acts on the National Budget of Hungary. Magyar Közlöny.
Bazsa Gy. (2011): There aren’t too much students, but there is little money. Népszabadság (newspaper), p. 12.
Berde É. – Czenky K – Györgyi Z. – Híves T. – Morvay E. – Szerepi A. (2006): On the labour market with a degree. On-line: http://www.hier.iif.hu/hu/konf/Felsooktatasi_GYZ.pdf
Friedman, M. (1996): Capitalism and freedom. Publishing House of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Budapest.
Keczer G. (2007): Reforms of the Hungarian higher education management in the light of the Lisbon strategy. In Farkas B. (ed.): The Lisbon process and Hungary. Announcements of the Economic Faculty of SZTE, 2007. JATEPress, Szeged, pp. 173-186.
KSH – Central Statistical Office (2010): Hungarian Statistics Yearbook. KSH, Budapest.
KSH – Central Statistical Office (2011): Hungary 2010. Budapest.
Lukács P. (2002a): Higher education turned into a market. Life and Literature, 6, pp. 9-10.
Lukács P. (2002b): Mass higher education – in global competition On-line: http://zskflnk.uw.hu/nk/Tomeges_felsookt.htm
Molnár T. (2011): How will we have university graduates? Index, 19 May. On-line: http://index.hu/gazdasag/magyar/2011/05/19/felsooktatas/
NEFMI (2010): Statistical Yearbook of Education 2009/2010, Budapest.
OECD (2010): Education at a Glance 2010. OECD indicators, OECD 2010.
Schultz, T. W. (1983): Investing into human capital. Economic and Legal Publishing House, Budapest.
Széll Kálmán Plan (2011): Széll Kálmán Plan. Hungarian government, 1 March 2011.
Vossenteyn, H. (2004): Fiscal Stress: Worldwide Trends in Higher Education Finance. NASFAA. Journal of Student Financial Aid, 34, pp. 39-55.