Bai, Jushan and Li, Kunpeng (2012): Maximum likelihood estimation and inference for approximate factor models of high dimension.
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Abstract
An approximate factor model of high dimension has two key features. First, the idiosyncratic errors are correlated and heteroskedastic over both the cross-section and time dimensions; the correlations and heteroskedasticities are of unknown forms. Second, the number of variables is comparable or even greater than the sample size. Thus a large number of parameters exist under a high dimensional approximate factor model. Most widely used approaches to estimation are principal component based. This paper considers the maximum likelihood-based estimation of the model. Consistency, rate of convergence, and limiting distributions are obtained under various identification restrictions. Comparison with the principal component method is made. The likelihood-based estimators are more efficient than those of principal component based. Monte Carlo simulations show the method is easy to implement and an application to the U.S. yield curves is considered
Item Type: | MPRA Paper |
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Original Title: | Maximum likelihood estimation and inference for approximate factor models of high dimension |
Language: | English |
Keywords: | Factor analysis; Approximate factor models; Maximum likelihood; Kalman smoother, Principal components; Inferential theory |
Subjects: | C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C51 - Model Construction and Estimation C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models ; Multiple Variables > C33 - Panel Data Models ; Spatio-temporal Models |
Item ID: | 42099 |
Depositing User: | Jushan Bai |
Date Deposited: | 21 Oct 2012 17:58 |
Last Modified: | 28 Sep 2019 16:34 |
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URI: | https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/id/eprint/42099 |
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