Pieroni, Luca and Chiavarini, Manuela and Minelli, Liliana and Salmasi, Luca (2012): The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy.
Download (314kB) | Preview
The short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking and drinking habits were investigated in this paper. In 2005, a smoking ban was introduced in Italy, and we exploited this exogenous variation to measure the effect on both smoking participation and intensity and the indirect effect on alcohol consumption. Using data from the Everyday Life Aspects survey, for the period 2001-2007, we show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Italy significantly affected smoking behavior. We also document significant indirect effects on alcohol consumption for the main alcoholic beverage categories. A robustness analysis is also performed, to test the extent to which unobservable variables may bias our estimated parameters. Our results are then used to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of the anti-smoking legislation in Italy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy|
|Keywords:||Anti-smoking legislation; regression discontinuity; Difference-in-Differences; cost-effectiveness analysis|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Behavior
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I18 - Government Policy ; Regulation ; Public Health
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||Luca Pieroni|
|Date Deposited:||06. Nov 2012 17:18|
|Last Modified:||26. Aug 2015 12:11|
Anger, S., Kvasnicka, M. & Siedler, T. (2011), ‘One last puff? public smoking bans and smoking behavior’, Journal of Health Economics 30(3), 591–601.
Anonymous (2005), ‘Ireland’s smoking ban is an admirable achievement’, Lancet (365), 1282.
Bauer, J., Hyland, A., Li, Q., Steger, C. & Cummings, M. (2005), ‘A longitudinal assessment of the impact of smoke-free worksite policies on tobacco use’, American Journal of Public Health 95(6), 1024–1029.
Crost, B. & Guerreo, S. (2012), ‘The effect of alcohol availability on marijuana use: Evidence from the minimum legal drinking age’, Journal of Helath Economics forth- coming.
Dee, T. S. (1999), ‘The complementarity of teen smoking and drinking’, Journal of Health Economics 18(6), 769–793.
Eriksen, M. & Chaloupka, F. (2007), ‘The economic impact of clean indoor air laws’, A Cancer Journal for clinicians 57(6), 367–378.
Federico, B., Mackenbach, J. P., Eikemo, T. A. & Kunst, A. E. (2012), ‘Impact of the 2005 smoke-free policy in italy on prevalence, cessation and intensity of smoking in the overall population and by educational group’, Addiction 107(9), 1677–1686.
Fichtenberg, C. & Glantz, S. (2004), ‘Effect of smoke-free workplaces on smoking behavior: Systematic review’, British Medical Journal (325), 188–194.
Flack, S., Taylor, M. & Trueman, P. (2007), Nice rapid review: Cost-effectiveness of interventions for smoking cessation: Mass media interventions. supplementary report + a rapid review of: The cost-effectiveness of mass media policies for smoking cessation in england final report, Technical report, York Health Economics Consortium.
Fong, G., Hyland, A., Borland, R., Hammond, D., Hastings, G., McNeill, A., Anderson, S., Cummings, K., Allwright, S., Mulcahy, M., Howell, F., Clancy, L., Thompson, M., Connolly, G. & Driezen, P. (2006), ‘Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the republic of ireland: findings from the itc ireland/uk survey’, Tobacco Control 15, 51–58.
Gallus, S., Pacifici, R. & Colombo, P. e. a. (2006), ‘Prevalence of smoking and attitude towards smoking regulation in italy, 2004’, Eur. J. Cancer Prev. 15, 77–81.
Glasgow, R. E., Cummings, K. M. & Hyland, A. (1997), ‘Relationship of worksite smoking policy to changes in employee tobacco use: Findings from commit’, Tobacco Control 6(2), 44–48.
Helakorpi, S., Martelin, T., Torppa, J., Patja, M., Kiiskinen, U. A., Vatiainen, E. & Uutela, A. (2007), ‘Did the tobacco control act amendment in 1995 affect daily smoking in finland ? effects of a restrictive workplace smoking policy’, Journal of Public Health pp. 1–8.
Jones, A., Laporte, A., Rice, N. & Zucchelli, E. (2011), A model of the impact of smoking bans on smoking with evidence from bans in england and scotland, Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG)Working Papers 11/05, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
Kennedy, R. D., Behm, I., Craig, L., Thompson, M. E., Fong, G. T., Guignard, R. & Beck, F. (2012), ‘Smoking cessation interventions from health care providers before and after the national smoke-free law in france’, European Journal of Public Health 22(1), 23–28.
Liu, F., Zhang, N., Cheng, K.-W. & Wang, H. (2010), ‘Reduced smoking and rising obesity: Does smoking ban in the workplace matter?’, Economics Letters 108(3), 249–252.
Lochner, L. & Moretti, E. (2004), ‘The effect of education on crime: Evidence from prison inmates, arrests, and self-reports’, American Economic Review 94(1), 155–189.
Nagelhout, G. E., de Vries, H., Boudreau, C., Allwright, S., McNeill, A., van den Putte, B., Fong, G. T. & Willemsen, M. C. (2012), ‘Comparative impact of smoke-free legislation on smoking cessation in three european countries’, European Journal of Public Health 22(1), 4–9.
Nord, E. (1993), ‘The trade-off between severity of illness and treatment effect in costvalue analysis of health care’, Health Policy 24(3), 227–238.
UNICAB (2008), Il vino nei locali italiani di qualit & il consumo del vino degli italiani in casa e fuori casa, Technical report.
Weinstein, M. C., Shepard, D. S. & Pliskin, J. S. (1980), ‘The economic value of changing mortality probabilities: A decision-theoretic approach’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics 94(2), 373–96.
Yörük, B. K. & Yörük, C. E. (2011), ‘The impact of minimum legal drinking age laws on alcohol consumption, smoking, and marijuana use: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design using exact date of birth’, Journal of Health Economics 30(4), 740–752.