Herimalala, Rahobisoa and Gaussens, Olivier (2012): X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis.
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This paper is part of an application-oriented research project to assess innovation processes in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). It investigates the X-(in)efficiency of these innovation processes. We have adopted the following approach: (1) we provide both a concept of X-(in)efficiency and a model of innovation processes for each SME; (2) from this model we evaluate both the inputs and the outputs of the innovation processes, as well as the X-(in)efficiency of these processes using a variant of the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model; (3) finally, we characterize X-inefficiency by using techniques of exploratory analysis derived from an empirical analysis. Our approach has been applied to regional SMEs in Normandy (France) with a representative random sample of 80 innovative businesses. The results show the existence of X-inefficiency in the innovation processes of SMEs in 71% of cases. This X-inefficiency arises primarily from the difficulties that entrepreneurs face in implementing the interacting rules and standards of exploitation and exploration activities.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis|
|English Title:||X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis|
|Keywords:||Data Envelopment Analysis; X-Efficiency; Innovation Process|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D0 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C43 - Index Numbers and Aggregation
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q55 - Technological Innovation
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C67 - Input-Output Models
|Depositing User:||Herimalala Herimalala|
|Date Deposited:||24. Nov 2012 17:46|
|Last Modified:||23. Aug 2015 05:14|
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