Herimalala, Rahobisoa and Gaussens, Olivier (2012): X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis.
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This paper investigates X-(in)efficiency of innovation processes in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). We have adopted the following approach: (a) we provide both a concept of X-(in)efficiency and a model of innovation processes for each SME; (b) from this model we evaluate both the dimensions of the innovation processes and the X-(in)efficiency of these processes using a variant of the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model; (c) finally, we characterize X-inefficiency by using techniques of exploratory analysis derived from an empirical analysis. Our approach has been applied to regional SMEs in Normandy (France) with a representative random sample of 80 innovative businesses. The results show the existence of X- inefficiency in the innovation processes of SMEs in 71% of cases. This X-inefficiency arises primarily from the difficulties that entrepreneurs face in implementing the interacting rules and standards of exploitation and exploration activities.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis|
|English Title:||X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis|
|Keywords:||Data Envelopment Analysis; Multiple Projections; X-Efficiency; Innovation Process|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D0 - General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C43 - Index Numbers and Aggregation
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q55 - Technological Innovation
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C67 - Input-Output Models
|Depositing User:||Herimalala Herimalala|
|Date Deposited:||28 Nov 2012 13:19|
|Last Modified:||18 Feb 2017 22:43|
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X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis. (deposited 14 Oct 2012 09:32)
X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Concept and Evaluation based on Data Envelopment Analysis. (deposited 24 Nov 2012 17:46)
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