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Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps

Pongou, Roland and Serrano, Roberto (2013): Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps. Published in: American Economic Review , Vol. 3, No. 103 (1 May 2013): pp. 298-302.

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Abstract

More than half of the HIV/AIDS-infected population today are women. We study a dynamic model of (in)fidelity, which explains the HIV/AIDS gender gap by the configuration of sexual networks. Each individual desires sexual relationships with opposite sex individuals. Two Markov matching processes are defined, each corresponding to a different culture of gender relations. The first process leads to egalitarian pairwise stable networks in the long run, and HIV/AIDS is equally prevalent among men and women. The second process leads to anti-egalitarian pairwise stable networks reflecting male domination, and women bear a greater burden. The results are consistent with empirical observations.

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