Takayama, Yuki (2014): Bottleneck congestion and distribution of work start times: The economics of staggered work hours revisited.
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Abstract
Since the seminal work of Henderson (1981), a number of studies examined the effect of staggered work hours by analyzing models of work start time choice that consider the tradeoff between negative congestion externalities and positive production externalities. However, these studies described traffic congestion using flow congestion models. This study develops a model of work start time choice with bottleneck congestion and discloses the intrinsic properties of the model. To this end, this study extends Henderson’s model to incorporate bottleneck congestion. By utilizing the properties of a potential game, we characterize equilibrium and optimal distributions of work start times. We also show that Pigouvian tax/subsidy policies generally yield multiple equilibria and that the firstbest optimum must be a stable equilibrium under Pigouvian policies, whereas the secondbest optimum in which policymakers cannot eliminate queuing congestion can be unstable.
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  Bottleneck congestion and distribution of work start times: The economics of staggered work hours revisited 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  staggered work hours; bottleneck congestion; production effects; potential game; stability; Pigouvian policies; 
Subjects:  C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6  Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C62  Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C7  Game Theory and Bargaining Theory > C72  Noncooperative Games C  Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C7  Game Theory and Bargaining Theory > C73  Stochastic and Dynamic Games ; Evolutionary Games ; Repeated Games D  Microeconomics > D6  Welfare Economics > D62  Externalities R  Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R4  Transportation Economics > R41  Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion ; Travel Time ; Safety and Accidents ; Transportation Noise R  Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R4  Transportation Economics > R48  Government Pricing and Policy 
Item ID:  59033 
Depositing User:  Yuki Takayama 
Date Deposited:  02 Oct 2014 13:15 
Last Modified:  27 Sep 2019 22:24 
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URI:  https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/59033 
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