Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Bérkonvergencia az EU-csatlakozás előtt és után: gazdasági összefüggések, tapasztalatok és lehetséges fejlődési pályák

Gács, János and Hárs, Ágnes and Hüttl, Antónia (2001): Bérkonvergencia az EU-csatlakozás előtt és után: gazdasági összefüggések, tapasztalatok és lehetséges fejlődési pályák. Published in: Külgazdaság , Vol. XLV, No. July-August (August 2001): pp. 22-60.

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Abstract

The article analyzes the requirement recently formulated by different parties of the accession process: the candidate countries should raise their wage level close to the average of the EU even before they join the union. The authors show that wage convergence, defined this way, has no theoretical underpinnings. According to the experience of less developed EU members that joined the union in the 1970s and 1980s, the so called cohesion countries, even after accession, wage convergence is a protracted process. The Hungarian wage level is currently far behind the EU average, and it is also lower than wages in several Central and East European countries. This lagging behind is, however, one of the sources of the competitiveness of Hungarian products. The article draws up possible convergence scenarios for the Hungarian wages. It turns out that, even with a relatively fast growth of output and expansive wage policies, the convergence to the EU level will be a very long process.

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