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Trade in tasks, tariff policy and effective protection rates

Diakantoni, Antonia and Escaith, Hubert (2014): Trade in tasks, tariff policy and effective protection rates.

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Abstract

With the rise of global value chains, effective protection rates (EPRs) provide important insights on the impact of nominal tariffs on the competitiveness of industries. Building on the results of the OECD-WTO Trade in Value-Added TiVA database, the paper analyses the evolution of EPRs in about 50 developed and developing countries from 1995 to 2008. The paper reviews also the role of preferential agreements on effective protection as well as the impact of tariffs on the production costs of services. A final chapter is dedicated to the underlying patterns that may explain those EPR profiles.

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