Chong, Alberto and Cohen, Isabelle and Field, Erica and Nakasone, Eduardo and Torero, Maximo (2014): Are There Nutrient-based Poverty Traps? Evidence on Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru.
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A key question in development economics is whether nutritional deficiencies generate intergenerational poverty traps by reducing the earnings potential of children born into poverty. To assess the causal influence on human capital of one of the most widespread micronutrient deficiencies, supplemental iron pills were made available at a local health center in rural Peru and adolescents were encouraged to take them up via classroom media messages. Results from school administrative records provide novel evidence that reducing iron deficiency results almost immediately in a large and significant improvement in school performance. For anemic students, an average of 10 100mg iron pills over three months improves average test scores by 0.4 standard deviations and increases the likelihood of grade progression by 11%. Supplementation also raises anemic students’ aspirations for the future. Both results indicate that cognitive deficits from iron-deficiency anemia contribute to a nutrition-based poverty trap. Our findings also demonstrate that, with low-cost outreach efforts in schools, supplementation programs offered through a public clinic can be both affordable and effective in reducing rates of adolescent IDA.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Are There Nutrient-based Poverty Traps? Evidence on Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru|
|English Title:||Are There Nutrient-based Poverty Traps? Evidence on Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru|
|Keywords:||Poverty traps, iron deficiency, RCTs, education attainement|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Behavior
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Depositing User:||Dr Maximo Torero|
|Date Deposited:||14 Jan 2015 14:23|
|Last Modified:||12 Oct 2016 16:33|
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