Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Benchmark Macroeconomic Models of the Labour Market

Lisi, Gaetano (2013): The Benchmark Macroeconomic Models of the Labour Market. Published in: International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories , Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 2013): pp. 168-185.


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This technical note aims to provide a practical overview of the labour market’s benchmark macroeconomic models. The matching models are the primary and most popular theoretical tools used by economists to evaluate various labour market policies and to study the problem of unemployment. These models explain the co-existence in equilibrium of unemployment and vacancies through frictions in matching workers and firms and generate predictions that have the right direction: unemployment goes up in recession and down in boom, while job vacancies shift in the opposite direction. The central role of these models in imperfect labour markets has recently been confirmed by the 2010 Nobel Prize for economy awarded to the founders of this approach: Peter Diamond, Dale Mortensen and Christopher Pissarides.

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