Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Segmented Labor Markets and the Distributive Cycle: A Roadmap towards Inclusive Growth

Charpe, Matthieu and Flaschel, Peter and Hartmann, Florian and Malikane, Christopher (2014): Segmented Labor Markets and the Distributive Cycle: A Roadmap towards Inclusive Growth. Published in: Economics Research International , Vol. 2014, No. Article ID 218353, 15 pages (April 2014)

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Abstract

The paper builds on the Goodwin (1967) model which describes the distributive cycle of capitalist economies whereby mass unemployment is generated periodically through the conflict about income distribution between capital and labor. We add to this model a segmented labor market structure with fluid, latent, and stagnant components. The model exhibits a unique balanced growth path which depends on the speeds with which workers are pushed into or out of the labor market segments. We investigate the stability properties of this growth path with segmented labor markets and find that, though there is a stabilizing inflation barrier term in the wage Phillips curve, the interaction with the latent and stagnant portions of the labor market generates potentially (slowly) destabilizing forces if policy measures are absent that regulate these labor markets. We then introduce an activating labor market policy, where government in addition acts as employer of last resort thereby eliminating the stagnant portion of the labor market, whilst erecting benefit systems that partially sustain the incomes of workers that have to leave the floating/latent labor market of the private sector of the economy. We show that such policies guarantee the macrostability of the economy’s balanced growth path.

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