Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Development of the Cross-cultural Readiness Exposure Scale (CRES)

Francois, Emmanuel Jean (2015): Development of the Cross-cultural Readiness Exposure Scale (CRES). Published in: International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review , Vol. 3, No. 5 (July 2015): pp. 10-30.

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Perspectives of individuals who are involved in cross-cultural and cross-societal communications can be very insightful in facilitating authentic intercultural interactions. The Cross-cultural Readiness Exposure Scale (CRES) was developed to capture the level of readiness of individuals prior to intercultural interactions. The initial items were generated from focus groups involving undergraduate and graduate students in the United States. The items were pilot tested on a convenience sample of participants from various countries of the world. The CRES had sufficient validity and reliability, and can be used as a formative evaluation instrument to assess the level of readiness of individuals or groups who will be involved in intercultural interactions through study abroad, international service learning, internship abroad, or assignments in a foreign country.

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