Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship

Muhammad, Nabeel and Léo-Paul, Dana (2015): Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship.

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Abstract

Through participatory observation and in-depth interviews with members of the Memon community, in Pakistan, this paper probes into how the collective efforts of a regional network can facilitate entrepreneurship, social enterprises and regional development. The setting is a developing country that is lacking a large-scale entrepreneurial culture. Despite caste differences, Memons throughout the Karachi region meet and share experiences with other Memon members of their network – including Memons from unlike castes. Within this regional network Memons help one another. They give preferential treatment to other Memons of their regional network and sometimes also to co-ethnics from other regional networks. Entrepreneurship is encouraged by a collective effort without suppressing individual goals; this extends the social embeddedness perspective of entrepreneurship allowing for a collective efficacy along a regional network, facilitating entrepreneurship among individuals.

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