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Industrial Pricing and Growth Fluctuations in India

Goyal, Ashima (1994): Industrial Pricing and Growth Fluctuations in India. Published in: Indian Economic Review , Vol. 29, No. 1 (1994): pp. 13-32.

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In a simple 2 sector general equilibrium macromodel profit maximization by a representative firm leads to multiple long-run non-Walrasian equilibria with excess profits and excess capacity. The model is reduced to two non-linear differential equations. Using calibration and simulation it is shown that yearly non-agricultural price and output series for the Indian economy are reproduced along dynamic medium-run adjustment trajectories approaching one or other of the equilibria. Alternative mark-up hypotheses are tested. The simulations show that the medium-run mark-up is counter-cyclical but has little variation. This behaviour of the mark-up plays an important part in maintaining stability, and explaining the historical price and output series. The model therefore helps to provide a microfoundation for structuralist macroeconomics.

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