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Oligopolistic Competition with Choice-Overloaded Consumers

Gerasimou, Georgios and Papi, Mauro (2015): Oligopolistic Competition with Choice-Overloaded Consumers.

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Abstract

A large body of empirical work has suggested the existence of a "choice overload" effect in consumer decision making: When faced with large menus of alternatives, decision makers often avoid/indefinitely defer choice. A suggested reason for the occurrence of this effect is that the agents try to escape the higher cognitive effort that is associated with making an active choice in large menus. Building on this explanation, we propose and analyse a model of duopolistic competition where firms compete in menu design in the presence of a consumer population with heterogeneous preferences and overload menu-size thresholds. The firms' strategic trade-off is between offering a large menu in order to match the preferences of as many consumers as possible, and offering a small menu in order to avoid losing choice-overloaded consumers to their rival, or driving them out of the market altogether. We study the equilibrium outcomes in this market under a variety of assumptions. We also propose a measure of consumer welfare that applies to this environment and use it alongside our model to provide a critical perspective on regulations that cap the number of products that firms can offer.

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