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Innovation and public understanding of science: possibility of new indicators for the analysis of public attitudes to science, technology and innovation

Tartaruga, Iván G. Peyré and Cazarotto, Rosmari Terezinha and Martins, Clitia Helena Backx and Fukui, Ana (2016): Innovation and public understanding of science: possibility of new indicators for the analysis of public attitudes to science, technology and innovation. Published in: OECD Blue Sky Forum on Science and Innovation Indicators No. 3 (September 2016): pp. 1-26.

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Abstract

In the context of a knowledge-based economy, in the last 50 years, countries and international organisms have systematized many indicators to evaluate inventive and innovative capacity, mainly related to science. But these indicators have almost exclusively focused on the supply side of invention and innovation, in which attention is given to people (entrepreneurs), organizations practicing research and development (R&D) and innovative companies and virtually none to the end users, like consumers or organizations not connected to R&D/innovation. Aiming at facing this insufficiency, this paper proposes new models to analyze innovation through indicators that show the relationship between the realms of science, technology and innovation and society as a whole. These sociocultural indicators represent the set of propensities to innovate in a given social group. Therefore, from the confluence of investigations in the field of Public Understanding of Science and Innovation Studies, five indicators of the propensity to innovate were chosen: efficiency, creativity, trust in science and technology, uncertainty tolerance and cooperation.

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